Bīrūnī, Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad, Alberuni's India (v. 1)

(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)



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  Page 119  

CHAPTER XI.                              119

like a double-edged sword, which has in the middle a
pestle like that of a mortar.

" The idol Indra holds in its hand a weapon called
vajra of diamond. It has a similar handle to the sakti,
but on each side it has two swords which join at the
handle. On his front place a third eye, and make him
ride on a white elephant with four tusks.

" Likewise make on the front of the idol of Mahadeva
a third eye right above, on his head a crescent, in his
hand a weapon called stlla, similar to the club but with
three branches, and a sword ; and let his left hand hold
his wife Gauri, the daughter of Himavant, whom he
presses to his bosom from the side.

" To the idol Jina, i.e. Buddha, give a face and limbs as
beautiful as possible, make the lines in the palms of his
hands and feet like a lotus, and represent him seated
on a lotus ; give him grey hair, and represent him with
a placid expression, as if he were the father of creation.

" If you make Arhant, the figure of another body of
Buddha, represent him as a naked youth with a fine
face, beautiful, whose hands reach down to the knees,
with the figure of Sri, his wife, under the left breast.

"The idol of Revanta, the son of the sun, rides on a
horse like a huntsman.

" The idol of Yima, the angel of death, rides on a
buffalo, and holds a club in his hand.

" The idol of Kubera, the treasurer, wears a crown, has
a big stomach and wide hips, and is riding on a man.

"The idol of the sun has a red face like the pith of
the red lotus, beams like a diamond, has protruding
limbs, rings in the ears, the neck adorned with pearls
which hang down over the breast, wears a crown of
several compartments, holds in his hands two lotuses,
and is clad in the dress of the Northerners which reaches
down to the ankle.

" If you represent the Seven Mothers, represent several Page sr.
of them together in one figure, Brahmani with four faces
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