(London :  Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co.,  1910.)

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 ``` CHAPTER XXXIV. 335 conditions of his soul, which originate either from desire or fear, according to the conditions of his body, depend¬ ing upon the emptiness or fulness of his stomach, and according to various accidents disturbing the kind of humor which is considered the most desirable." It is all the same whether we determine the prdnct according to this rule (one nychthemeron = 21,600 prdna), or if we divide each ghati into 360 parts (60 X 360 = 21,600), or each degree of the sphere into sixty parts (360 X 60 = 21,600). As far as this all Hindus agree with each other in vin&di. the matter, though they use different terms. So, for instance, Brahmagupta calls the cashaka or seconds vindcti, likewise Aryabhata of Kusumapura. Besides the latter calls the minutes nddii. Both, however, did not use particles of time smaller than the prdna, which correspond to the minutes of the sphere (60 X 360). For Pulisa says : " The minutes of the sphere, which are 21,600, resemble the normal breaths of man at the time of the equinoxes, and when man is in perfect health. During one breathing of man the sphere revolves as far as one minute." Other people insert between minute and second a Kshana. third measure, called kshana, which is equal to one- fourth of a minute (or fifteen seconds). Each kshana is divided into fifteen kald, each of which is equal to one-sixtieth of a minute, and this is the cashaka, only called by another name. Among the lower orders of these fractions of time Nimesha, - - . - . lava, truth there occur three names which are always mentioned in the same sequence. The largest is the nimesha, i.e. the time during which the eye, in the normal state of things, is open between two consecutive looks. The lava is the mean, and the truti the smallest part of time, the latter word meaning the cracking of the fore¬ finger against the inside of the thumb, which is with them a gesture expressive of astonishment or admira- ```