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ON THE MANVANTAEAS.
The single As 72,000 kalpas are reckoned as the life of Brahman,
ras, their the mauvautara, i.e. period of Manu, is reckoned as the
the children life of ludra, whoso rulc ends with the end of the
period. His post is occupied by another Indra, who
then rules the world in the new manvantara. Brahma¬
gupta says: " If a man maintains that there is no samdhi
between two manvantaras, and reckons each manvan¬
tara as 71 caturyugas, he will find that the kalpa is too
short by six caturyugcts, and the minus below lOOO (i.e.
in 994) is not better than the plus above 1000 (i.e. in
1008, according to Aryabhata). Both numbers, how¬
ever, differ from the book Smriti."
Further he says : "Aryabhata mentions in two books
of his, the one of which is called Dasagitikd, the other
Arydstasata, that each manvantara is equal to 72 catur¬
yugas. Accordingly he reckons a kctlpa at 1008 catur¬
yugas (14 X 72)."
In the book Vishnu-Dharma Markandeya gives to
Vajra the following answer: " Purusha is the lord of
Page 194. the universe ; the lord of the kalpa is Brahman, the
lord of the world ; but the lord of the manvantara is
Manu. There are fourteen Manus, from whom the
kings of the earth, ruling at the beginning of each
We have united their names in the following table ;—-