Columbia Library columns (v.2(1952Nov-1953May))

(New York :  Friends of the Columbia Libraries.  )

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  v.2,no.2(1953:Feb): Page 17  



Columbia's New Treasure-House
of Russian History

PHILIP E. MOSELY
 

O'
 

NE OF THE busiest but least-known activities of Co¬
lumbia's busy Libraries is conducted on the top floor
of the Butler Library. Here the inquiring visitor will
find the new and rapidly growing Archive of Russian and East
European History and Culture, an important recent addition to
Columbia's unsurpassed facilities for the study of the history and
literature of Russia and of current Soviet developments. In this
Archive the serious scholar of things Russian can consult and
analyze a wide range of original unpublished source materials.
And new materials are flowing in week by week—from the United
States and France, from Britain and Turkey, from Brazil and Ger¬
many—as Russian and other East European exiles learn of this
opportunity to preserve their unique collections.

Does the scholar need to know, from original sources, how in¬
telligent and well-informed members of the Russian imperial
family regarded the problems and dangers which beset the old
regime at the beginning of the twentieth century? Here he will
find an extensive series of documents and memoirs deposited with
the Archive by members of the House of Romanov, setting forth
in detail their views on developments in Russia before and during
the Revolution.

Between the 186o's and 1917 Russia saw a rapid development of
the system of provincial and county zernstvo self-government.
Until after the revolution of 1905 the central bureaucracy looked
with suspicion and hostility on the growth of the zemstvos, which
were winning widespread loyalty among the people because they
contributed greatly to the improvement of health, education, and

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  v.2,no.2(1953:Feb): Page 17