Rollin Kirby (1875-1952) studied art in New York and Paris before becom¬
ing an editorial cartoonist for several New York dailies from 1911-1942.
He later did cartoons for Look and the New York Times Sunday Magazine,
Kirby saw the cartoon as an editorial, emphasizing that "the idea is 75 per
cent of a cartoon. Given a good idea, one can get by with mediocre drawing,
but good drawing never makes a good cartoon if the idea is weak." In his car¬
toons, Kirby strongly supported women's suffrage and opposed Prohibition
and the Ku Klux Klan, He received the first Pulitzer Prize for cartooning
in 1922 and won the award again in 1925 and 1929. After contributing
the illustrations for Walter Lippmann's 1927 book. Men Of Destiny, Kirby
published a collection of his cartoons entitled Highlights: A Cartoon History
of the Nineteen Twenties, in 1931. Kirby was the first cartoonist to highlight
Franklin Roosevelt's use of the words "New Deal" in his acceptance speech to
the Democratic National Convention in 1932.