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Mary LaskerMary Lasker
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as you know, and this became available in 1946 as a result of the work of Waksman and his group. This changed the death rate in the world for tuberculosis. It cut the United States death rate from tuberculosis in half by '52; and isoniazid, which was developed by a two drug houses here, was used in a New York City Hospital, Sea View on Staten Island, and two young doctors, Robochek and Solokov, demonstrated that people who had resistant strains of tuberculosis and heretofore had been sure to die and who had been put together in one large ward in Sea View Hospital to die, didn't have to die, or that most of them who were too far advanced didn't die. And their work has cut the death rate in the United States so that it is really has gone down more than 80 percent since '44, both their work and the work on streptomycin. This death rate has gone down wherever people are treated throughout the world; it isn't anything that has just benefitted the people of the United States. Any discovery in medical research helps people everywhere.

Flu has not been abolished, as you know only too well, but there are vaccines against certain types of flu, and we hope soon to have good vaccines against many and more types, thanks to the efforts of Thomas Francis and Huebner and other people at the National Institutes of Health and at other places. Flu is in some degree controllable, and certain types are very controllable, up to 80 percent in clinical trials.

Polio, thanks to Basil O'Connor's fantastic efforts as a



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