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Public Health Service itself. For instance, in '46, the Cancer
Institute had only $70,000 to give in grants to outside institutions
for cancer research, and at that time they thought $70,000 was
Well, concurrently, the American Cancer Society was raising
funds for research, was it?
Yes, concurrently, in order to simulate the whole field
we got the Cancer Society to begin to raise funds for research
in '45. But that's a separate story, and I think it's best to
leave that for the time when we talk about voluntary health
agencies, because we really got the Cancer Society to raise
money by financing its campaign. That was based on our willingness
to help to finance a campaign and their willingness to put money
in research. They'd been in business for 36 years and had not
raised a cent for research, and we said that we felt that this
was a mistake and that if they would put 25 percent of money
raised into research, we would help to finance a larger campaign.
And the Cancer Society, which was made up mostly of doctors at
this time, agreed, and we went ahead. But this gave background
for our Federal effort.
This is all by way of parentheses really.
Pepper held hearings on September 17 and 18 of '44 and
Florence Mahoney and I stayed at the Statler Hotel and went to
attend the hearings on the state of medical care in the United
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