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Mary LaskerMary Lasker
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Lasker:

Because it was a new group of substances in the body that nobody had ever made any important award to. The man that did the work for a long time was the chairman of the Nobel Prize Committee, Dr. Bergstrom, and we think that they would have given it a Nobel Prize if it had not been he that was the chairman of the committee for the awards. And we thought it would be nice to award him.

Q:

I can see a conflict of interest there.

Lasker:

Yes. We thought it would be good to award him, because this is something of great significance. And echocardiography and sonography --

Q:

What is sonography?

Lasker:

Sonography is diagnosis through sound, through being able to put sound waves through the body and detect any unusual blockages.

Q:

That has been used in connection with the brain, hasn't it?

Lasker:

Well, that's tomography. That's computer, that's cat -- computerized axial tomography, which is different, but sonography is cheaper and is just becoming very, very important in diagnosis of heart defects. You can diagnose heart defects through echocardiography to a degree that isn't possible in any other way. And those are the two areas that are going to receive awards this coming year.

Q:

How many people will receive awards, do you know?

Lasker:

Well, two in one group and three in another.



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