Kyoto is Japan's third largest city and also one its oldest. It was originally founded as Heian in 794, and had its golden age during the court's heyday from 794 to 1185. Home to many cultural landmarks and historical sites, Kyoto is thought of as the heart of Japan. The city still bears the name Kyoto, or "Capital City," even though the emperor and the National Diet are located in Tokyo. For most of Japan's history, Heian was the center not only of government but of learning and the arts.
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