Croatia and Slovenia declare independence from Yugoslavia.
army tries to crush Slovenian independence and fails. Fighting begins in Croatia
between Croats and local Serbs.
Serbs declare independence in the Krajina region, almost one third of Croatia.
in Bosnia-Herzegovina holds unofficial referendum opposing seperation from
Yugoslavia, while local Serbs declare a new republic separate from Bosnia.
The UN brokers a cease-fire agreement between the Croatian government and
rebel Serbs. After it's breached several times, the UN Protection Force (UNPROFOR)
puts 14,000 peace keeping troops in Croatia.
and Croats in Bosnia vote for independence in a referendum that is boycotted
by the Bosnian Serbs.
out between Bosnian government and local Serbs who lay siege around the capital,
UN sanctions are handed down on Serbia for its backing of rebel
Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia.
of starving Muslim captives in Serb prison camps in Bosnia are shown by television
network news agencies worldwide.
continues because of the siege in Sarajevo. UN and European Nations peace
efforts fail. War breaks out between Muslims and Croats in Bosnia.
starts combat patrols over Bosnia to enforce a UN ban on flights.
NATO offers close air support to UN troops.
people are killed by a shell in a Sarajevo marketplace. NATO threatens air
strikes if Serbs fail to pull weapons back away from city, they do so therefore
bringing a temporary stop to violence.
Muslims and Croats is ended by a US brokered agreement.
first air strike against Serbs is launched around Gorazde, which is already
under heavy attack.
Four month truce is signed between Bosnian Serbs and Bosnian government,
it's mediated by former president Jimmy Carter.
army launches a huge offensive in the northeast of the country.
army captures a Serb part of Western Slavonia, in its first attempt to
its occupied territories. Krajina Serbs launch an attack on Zagreb, the capital
of Croatia, in response.
Sarajevo. NATO replies with air strikes in which 350 UN peacekeepers are taken
hostage by Bosnian Serbs. Serbia arranges their release, thereby improving
its relations with the West.
Serbs invade Srebrenica, a Muslim area the UN declared a "safe area." A similar
area, Zepa, is invaded weeks later.
major air strikes if other "safe areas" are attacked.
attacks Krajina, capturing the entire region the Serb rebels held for four
years in just a few days.
Bill Clinton vetoes a move by Congress to end the arms embargo to Bosnia and
sends Richard Holbrooke to try to broker a new peace deal.
main market is shelled by Serb forces, 37 people killed and 85 injured.
and UN artillery attack Serb targets in Bosnia in response to market attack.
Bosnian Serbs give Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic authority to negotiate
Serbs move tanks away from Sarajevo and NATO stops strikes.
attack captures 1500 square miles of land, causing some 150,000 Serbs to flee,
mostly to Eastern Slavonia.
Clinton announces a cease-fire agreement and says parties will attend talks
in the US.
goes into effect but fighting continues over contested towns in northwest
and other international mediators meet in Moscow and travel together to the
main capitals of Yugoslavia. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base in Dayton, Ohio,
named for site for peace talks.
peace agreement is reached in Dayton.
Peace agreement is signed in Paris by presidents Franjo Tudjman (Croatia),
Alija Izetbegovic (Bosnia), and Slobodan Milosevic (Serbia, for Bosnian
Serbs). Compliance to the agreement is to be assured by 60,000 NATO
peace-keeping troops, which begin arriving in the area in weeks.