Durga "Mahishasura-mardini," the slayer of the buffalo demon; Ravi Varma Press, c.1910's; *an earlier version of this view, printed in Germany, 1880's*

Source: ebay, Jan. 2007

Durga, as Mahishasura-mardini, the "Slayer of the Buffalo Demon" (bazaar art, c.1940's)

Source: ebay, Nov. 2006

Bazaar art, 1950's; with a small yantra near Durga's feet; *another such print for meditation*

Source: ebay, June 2011

She bloodily slays the buffalo-demon, Mahishasura (bazaar art, c.1960's)

Source: ebay, Dec. 2007

A vivid modern bazaar-art print

Source: ebay, June 2012

A modern miniature painting of Durga advancing to battle on her tiger

Source: http://www.exoticindiaart.com/paintings/HA14
(downloaded April 2001)

"Goddess Durga. Stone Color On Paper. Kangra School. 7.2" x 4.6"."

Commentary provided on the website offering the painting (bold highlights my own):

"One of the most invoked forms of the great Goddess Durga is her manifestation as the youthful, multi-armed deity who is not only a slayer of demons but also a restorer of cosmic harmony and balance. Since she was created by the combined lustre and energies of the gods, she is powerful. The gods also bestowed on her their own characteristic weapons, some of the weapons gifted to her were: Shiva, the trident, Vishnu gave the discus, Varuna the conch, Agni bestowed her with the spear, Yama the cudgel, Vayu, the bow, Surya gave the arrow, Indra the vajra, Kuber gave the mace, Kala, the sword and the axe was given by Parshurama.

In this painting of an eight-armed Durga, she is shown carrying a multitude of weapons. Elegant and poised, she is lithely seated on her lion. She wears a crown and abundant jewelry. Not only her, but her lion too wears ornaments and the weapons are also jewel encrusted. Durga, as shown here, has a peaceful face, delineated limbs, exceptionally beautiful oval eyes, including the third eye on the forehead. Her fingers are long and supple, yet the hands convey an energetic movement.

Durga is seen here in a procession with a retinue of eight attendant divinities viz. Jyeshtha, Bhumi, Moti, Mohini, Prakriti, Vikriti, Niyati and Nivrtti, all of whom are richly attired and bedecked with jewels. They carry with them swords and spears, and an unspoken battle-cry in their expressions and movements.

Goddess Durga plays a pivotal role as a battle queen and a regulator of the cosmos. She presents a perfect picture of a gentle, young, yet determined and fiercely independent warrior cum goddess.

--This description by Renu Rana."

Durga is worshipped by Rama, Lakshman, and Hanuman (Bengali bazaar art, c.1970's)

Source: ebay, Sept. 2008

Durga in Bengali bazaar art, c.1970's

Source: ebay, Sept. 2008

Here, Durga is shown as chief among the "Nav Durga" (nine Durgas), who include some regional goddesses: for example, the *goddess in the lower right corner* is Becharji or Bahucharaji, "an important Gujarati goddess and also the patron goddess of the hijras; her temple, near Modhera, is the second most important goddess temple in the Gujarati cultural area (the first being the Ambaji temple, near Mount Abu)" --with thanks to Prof. Rachel McDermott for the identification

Source: ebay, Sept. 2008

The nine Durgas are worshipped by a Brahmin with a sacred fire (bazaar art, mid-1900's)

Source: ebay, Sept. 2008

A modern vision of Durga by Jasmine Becket-Griffith

Source: ebay, June 2012

== Indian Routes index == Indian Routes sitemap == Glossary == FWP's main page ==