(subject to possible changes during the semester)
The Course, Its Purpose, and Your Part in It
| Week 1. Sept. 4, 6 (second date
is for discussion section with students in V3001x)
Human Rights at Barnard-Columbia and in This Course. It
purposes, relation to other human rights courses and expectations
for instructors' and students' participation.
Luba Krugman-Gurdus, "They didn't live to see..." series
cover (1950). Compare with syllabus cover picture (given out at
meeting). What do you see?
What rights do you think important, judging from your experiences,
values and aspirations? What prior experience have you with human
rights activity, study?
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (given out at meeting).
| Part I. Theory:
Theories of Rights and Equality in a Divided West
|week 2. Sept. 11, 13
Ancient Concepts of Humans' Rights and Duties
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 1-14
(visions and realities; precursors of modern thinking).
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, Intro, 3-4; items
1-4, 23-25 (Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Confucious, Mo
Tzu, The Buddha).
Human Nature, Rights, and Freedom: How do the visions differ
and who comes closest to being correct as regards human nature and
human's capacity for rights and freedom?
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 14-16.
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, Intro, pp. 4-7; items
5, 7-8, 11; (Grotius, Locke, Rousseau, Wollstonecraft).
(p)Dostoevski, "The Grand Inquisitor" (Ivan Karamazov's
|week 3. September 18, 20
Differences in West over Natural Rights and Revolution
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 16-36
(visions in dispute, contemporary realities).
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, items 9, 10, 13,
30, 32 (Paine, Burke, Bentham, Decl. of Independence, French Decl.
of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen).
The Individual, State and Law: How do Kant and Marx differ here
on the individual in the political community, and who comes closest
to a view supportive of individual human rights under protection
of state and law?
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, item 12, 14 (Kant;
Karl Marx on the Jewish Question).
(p)Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, Communist Manifesto; Karl
Marx, Preface to A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy,
Lauren, The Evolution of International Human Rights, 45-57 ("to
protect the exploited").
|week 4. Sept. 25, 27
Human Rights Struggle, Ideology and Law Up to World War Two
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 36-45,
57-138 (visions and realities, international efforts).
War, Holocaust, and a New Charter: What changed for human rights
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 139-204 (Roosevelt's
four freedoms; war, peace).
(p)excerpts: Gurdus, "They didn't live to see...;"
"Topography of Terror" (Berlin, 2000); Peter Finn, "The
Enemy Next Door;" Ian Fisher, "At Site of Massacre,
Polish Leader Asks Jews to Forgive."
|week 5. Oct. 2, 4
The International Law of Human Rights: What Is New About State
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights, 205-257,
299-303 (Universal Decl. of Human Rights and Standard Setting).
Henkin, pp. ix-x, 13-21, Ch. 2 (The Internationalization of
H.R.; Int'l H.R. As Rights).
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, section item 39 (Kymlicka,
" "The Good, the Bad and the Intolerable: Minority Group
Unfinished Lawmaking and Enforcement--Examples: Rights of GLBT's,
Internally Displaced Persons, Environmental Rights. Compare human
rights issues and obstacles to overcoming them.
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, section 10, 11, item
53 (Donnelly and Nussbaum on gay and lesbian rights; Nickel and
Weiss on human rights and the environment; Draft Declaration of
Principles on Human Rights and the Environment).
Human Rights Watch World Report 2001, 489-499 (Lesbian
and Gay Rights). (optional): www.hrw.org/uslgbt/ "Violence
Against Gay Students in U.S. Schools and then "Testimonies";
Gustafson and Juviler, Religion and Human Rights, Ch.
4 (Rasmussen, "Human Rights and/or Biotic Rights).
|Part III. Universality
|week 7 October 16, 18
Individual Human Rights and Democracy: How related, how universal?
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, items 26-28, Section
6 (Dalai Lhama, Kwasi Wiredu,Abdullahi Ahmed An-Naim; Teson, Xiaorong
Li, Charles Taylor).
Henkin, xi-xii, 157-71 (The Universality of Human Rights, Rights
Here and There).
U.S. Exceptionalism: Accountability and Economic & Social
"American exceptionalism is the belief that the United States
is culturally and politically different from,and usually superior
to, other countries." (Jack Donnelly, Int' l Human Rights (1998
, p. 87). Human Rights Watch World Report 2001, 427-42, 500-508(Racial
Discrimination and Related Intolerance; United States). Optional:
rape in U.S. prisons" (April 2001).
Henkin, The Age of Rights, p. x, Ch. 9 (rights in U.S.;
"Rights: American and Human").
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, 369-370 (Roosevelt's
|Part IV. Practice
within States: Identity and Human Rights
|week 8. Oct. 23, 25
Why and How Women's Human Rights Differ From Men's, and with
Implications for Other Human rights?
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, section 9 and item
52 (Arati Rao, "Right in the Home;" Catherine A. McKinnon,
"Rape, Genocide, and Women's H.R.;" CEDAW).
Human Rights Watch World Report 2001, 443-61 (Women's
Human Rights). Optional: 236-47, 475-48 (Children, Child Soldiers)
(p)Virginia Postrel, ""It was not so long ago that
married women had no property rights," NYTimes, August 9,
Religion. What does it mean for other human rights?
Juviler and Gustafson, Religion and Human Rights, pp.
3-9. Ch. 2-3, 7, 10, 11-14 (Juviler on "Ambiguities of the
Divine;" Stackhouse vs. Henkin on religious justification
of human rights; Joyce on religion and societal change, Rao and
Peters (India) and Mayer (Islam in Iran) on politization and context
of religion; Blu Greenberg, "Feminism, Jewish Orthodoxy,
and Human Rights;" Alan Segal, "Jewish Orthodoxy, Modernity,
and Women's Rights").
In the week before this meeting, please see what you can find
in the media related to religion and human rights.
|week 9. Oct. 30, Nov. 1
Genetic Revolution. 'Brave new World Revisited?
(p)"The Age of Genes (U.S. News, Nov. 4, '91); Rick Weiss,
"Building a Better Baby: Embryo screening creates a tool
against disease but raises ethical questions," WPNWE, July
9-15, 2001; Jeremy Rifkin, "The Biotech Century: Human Life
and Intellectual Property," The Nation, April 13,
1996, 11-19; Senators James M. Jeffords and Tom Daschle, "Political
Issues in the Genomic Era," Science, February 16, 2001, 1249-51.
Cloning and Stem Cell Research: where do you draw the line?--Issues
of human rights and identity
(p)"Cloning Around," The Economist, March 17,
2001, 79-80; Nancy Gibbs, "Cloning: Where Do You Draw the
Line," Time, August 13, 2001; "House Passes Ban on Human
Cloning for Any Objectives," NYTimes, August 1, 2001; Rick
Weiss, "Which Life Matters More? The complexities of the
stem-cell debate pit science against ethics with no middle ground."
WPNWE, July 22-29, 2001; "Bush's Address on Federal Financing
for Research With Embryonic Stem Cells.
click on UNIVERSAL DECLARATION ON THE HUMAN GENOME AND HUMAN RIGHTS
|week 10. No class (election day
|week 11. November 13, 15
The Concept of Indigenous Peoples and Questions of Identity.
Readings for each section are on reserve. * indicates you should
all read these. Rest are optional.
Paper by the Chairperson-Rapporteur, Mrs. Irene A. Daes. On
the concept of `indigenous peoples,'" and the evolution of
standards concerning their rights. UN ECOSOC, Sub-Commission on
Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities Working
Group on Indigenous Populations (1996).
*Maivan Clech Lâm, At the Edge of the State: Indigenous
Self-Determination, Ch.1: "The
Situation of Indigenous Peoples Today."
S. James Anaya, Indigenous Peoples in International Law,
A Foundational Principle," and "Norms Elaborating
the Elements of Self-Determination."
Michael Dodson, "The
Wentworth Lecture; The end in the beginning:
re(de)finding Aboriginality," Australian Aboriginal
Studies, 1994, No. 1,
*S. James Anaya, Indigenous Peoples in International Law,
Ch. 2, "Developments
within the Modern Era of Human Rights."
*Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, "Thirty
Years of Lobbying and Advocacy by Indigenous Peoples in the International
Arena," Indigenous Affairs, no. 12 (Jan-Feb 199),
*Mick Dodson, "Linking
international standards with contemporary concerns of Aboriginal
and Torres Strait Islander peoples," in S.A. Prichard,
ed., Indigenous Peoples, the United Nations and Human Rights,
James Tully, "The
Struggles of Indigenous Peoples for and of Freedom,"
in D. Ivison, P. Patton and W. Sanders, eds., The Political
Theory and Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Ch. 3.
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, section item 50 (Draft
Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples).
|Part V: Practice
Among States: Accountability and Global Forces
|week 12. Nov. 20 (no Thursday discussion
States, Inter-State Organization for Human Rights, Sovereignty,
Accountability in the International Community
Lauren, Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions
Henkin, pp. xii-xv, 21-29, ch 4 (Int'l Criminal Justice; Humanitarian
Intervention; Int'l Remedies, Institutions, Politics; H.R. and
Human Rights Watch World Report 2001, xx-xxiv (The UN);
5-30 (Africa); 68-75, 79-85 (Sierra Leone. Sudan); 91-99 (Americas);
165-71 (Asia), 251-68 (Europe and Central Asia); 302-306 (Kosovo);
391-99 (Israel, Occupied West Bank, Gaza).
(p)Reed Brody, "Justice: The First Casualty of Truth?"
The Nation, April 30, 2001, 25-32 and optional, www.hrw.org/justice.
Transnational forces - I: Markets, Bottom Lines, and Human Rights
What is globalization? What is its balance of costs and benefits,
autonomy and accountability for its impact in national, international
and transnational communities?
Human Rights Watch World Report 2001, xiv-xx, 469-75(economic
globalization and corporate responsibility; business and human
rights) (optional update: www.hrw.org).
Hayden, Philosophy of Human Rights, 259-67 (Jacques Derrida
deconstructs markets, globalization, human rights and human rights
Transnational Forces - II: NGOs' Achievements and Problems
How effective, inclusive, and morally non-dogmatic?
(p)Achievements: Kathryn Sikkink, "Transnational
Politics, International Relations Theory, and Human Rights, PS,
Vol. 21, No. 3 (September 1988), 517-521; Benjamin R. Barber,
""Globalizing Democracy," The American Prospect
(September 11, 2000). 16-19. Human Rights Watch World Report 2001,
"Speak Truth to Power: "Interviews" at www.speaktruthtopower.org.
(p)Problems with and for NGOs: David Rieff, "The
Precarious Triumph of Human Rights," and reply of the Lawyers
Committee, NYTimes Magazine, August 8, 1999.
|week 14. Dec. 4, 6
Communications, Media, & Human Rights
(p)"The Internet's new borders. Geographical lines and locations
are increasingly being imposed on the internet. Is this good or
bad?" The Economist, August 11, 2001. Optional: www.hrw.org
and SEARCH for "internet."
(p)"The Power of Publicity," The Economist,
December 5, 1998, 13-15. on journalist as war crimes and genocide
"The Rohde to Srebrenica: "Introduction, Glossary, Stages
Lauren, The Evolution of International Human Rights: Visions
© Peter H. Juviler