This short bibliography deals with Blyden's Pan-African ideas and their influence on other African, Caribbean and American leaders. References to Blyden or his influence can be found in the articles and books listed here. Some of his writings that were influential or that relate to some of the experiences and concepts that influenced him are also included. We are currently compiling an extensive bibliography containing several hundred references to Blyden's work. We encourage you to contribute - especially if you are aware of publications in other languages that reference Blydens life and work. Send us email with references or information.
* Aptheker, Herbert, ed. W.E.B. DuBois, The Correspondence of W.E.B. Dubois: Selections, 1877-1934, Vol. 1 Amherst, Mass: University of Massachusetts Press, 1973.
* Assensoh, A.B., Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana: His Formative Years and the Shaping of his Nationalism and Pan-Africanism (1935-1948), Ann Arbor: University Microfilms
* Azikiwe, Nnamdi, Renascent Africa, Humanities Press, New York.
* Berry, Mary Frances & John W. Blassingame Long Memory: The Black Experience in America (Oxford Univ. Press, NY 1982)
* Blyden, E. W., Africa for the Africans, <<African Repository>>, Washington, January, 1872.
* Blyden, E. W., African Life and Customs, London, C.M. Phillips, 1908.
* Blyden, E. W., West Africa Before Europe, London, C.M. Phillips, 1905.
* Blyden, E. W., The Call of Providence to the Descendants of Africa in America. A Discourse Delivered to Coloured Congregations in the Cities of New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Harrisburg, during the Summer of 1862, <<Liberia's Offering>>, New York, 1862.
* Blyden, E. W., Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race, London, W.B. Whittingham & Co., 1887; 2nd Edition1888; 3rd Edition 1967 University of Edinburgh Press.
* Blyden, E. W, The Elements of Permanent Influence: Discourse Delivered at the 15th St. Presbyterian Church, Washington, D.C., Sunday, February 16 1890 Washington. R. L. Pedleton, printer, 1890.
* Blyden, E. W., Liberia as a Means, Not an End. Liberian Independence Oration jJuly 26, 1867; African Repository, Washington. November, 1867.
* Blyden, E. W., The Negro in Ancient History, Liberia: Past, Present, and Future, Washington, M'Gill & Witherow Printer, <<Methodist Quarterly Review>>, January,
* Blyden, E. W., The Origin and Purpose of African Colonization. A Discourse Delivered at the 66th Anniversary of the American Colonization Society, Washington, D. C., January 14, 1883, Washington, 1883.
* Blyden, E. W., A Vindication of the African Race; Being a Brief Examination of the Arguments in Favor of African Inferiority (First Published in Liberia, in August, 1857),<<Liberia's Offering>>, New York, 1862.
* Blyden, E. W, Report on the Falaba Expedition 1872. Addressed to His Excellency Governor J. Pope Hennessy, C.M.G. by E. W. Blyden M.A. Published by authority Freetown, Sierra Leone. Printed at the Government office., 1872.
* Blyden, E. W, Liberia at the American Centennial. << Methodist Quarterly Review>>, July, 1877.
* Blyden, E. W., America in Africa, Christian Advocate I., July 28, 1898, II August 4, 1898.
* Blyden, E. W, The Negro in the United States, A.M.E. Church Review, Jan. 1900.
* Blake, Cecil A., A Critical introduction to Edward Wilmot Blyden's American Discourses on Exodus. 1861-1890, University of Wisconsin, 1976, book, 220p, Ph.D. Dissertation
* Clarke, John Henrik, Notes for an African World Revolution: Africans at the Crossroads, Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ 1991.
* Cromwell, John W., The Negro in American History The American Negro Academy, Washington, 1914.
* Davidson, Basil, African Civilization Revisited: From Antiquity to Modern Times, Africa World Press Inc., NJ, 1991.
* Drake, St. Clair , The Black Diaspora in Pan-African Perspective, The Black Scholar, Vol. 7, Number 1, Sept. 1975.
* Echruo, Michael J. "Edward W. Blyden, W.E.B Dubois and the `color complex'" in The Journal of Modern African Studies, Dec 1992, v. 30, #4
* Esedebe, P. Olisanwuche, Pan-Africanism: The Idea and Movement, 1776-1963, Howard University Press, Washington, DC 1982.
* Foner, Philip S. - History of Black Americans, Vol 2, Greenwood Press, Westport, CT 1975.
* Frenkel, M.Y. , Edward Blyden and American Nationalism Moscow: Africa Institute, Academy of Sciences, 1972.
* Fleming, Beatrice J., Distinguished Negroes Abroad, Washington D.C., Associated Publishers, 1946.
* Hayford, Casely J.E., Ethiopia Unbound: Studies in Race Emancipation ,London, 1911 repr. London : Frank Cass, 1969.
* Hill, H.C. and Martin Kilson, eds. American Leaders on Africa from the 1800s to the 1950s., London, 1969.
* Holden, E., Blyden of Liberia: An Account of the Life and Labours of Edward Wilmot Blyden, LL.D. As Recorded in Letters and Print. Vantage Press, New York, 1966.
* Jackson, John G, Christianity Before Christ, The Blyden Society, New York, 1938.
* James, C.L.R., American Civilization, Blackwell Publishers, 1993, PP 299.
* July, Robert W., A History of the African People: Edward Blyden Creates A Philosophy of African Nationalism, Charles Scribners, Sons, New York, 1980.
* Katagoshina, L.T., The Role of E.W. Blyden in the Development of African Contacts with the Afro-American Diaspora ,Russian Academy of Sciences, Nauka Publishers.
* Lewis, Rupert, Marcus Garvey: Anti-Colonial Champion Africa World Press, 1988, NJ.
* Lynch, H.R. ed., Selected Letters of Edward Wilmot Blyden, New York, KTO Press, 1978.
* Lynch, Hollis R, Black Spokesman. Selected Published Writings of Edward Wilmot Blyden., London : F.Cass, 1971.
* Lynch, Hollis R., Edward Wilmot Blyden : Pan Negro Patriot London: Oxford University Press, 1967.
*Livingstone, Thomas W.,., Education and Race :A Biography of Edward Wilmot Blyden San Francisco, Glendessary Press, 1975.
*Magubane, Bernard The Ties that Bind: African American Consciousness of Africa, Africa World Press, Trenton, NJ 1987
* Moses, Wilson Jeremiah The Golden Age of Black Nationalism 1850-1925, Oxford University Press 1978.
* Ngugi Wa Thiong'o, Decolonising the Mind: The politics of language in African Literature, James Curry Ltd., London, Heinemann Kenya, Nairobi, 1986.
* Redkey, Edwin S., Black Exodus, Black Nationalist and Back to Africa Movements, 1890-1910 , New Haven: Yale University Press, 1969.
* Sierra Leone Independence Movement The Sierra Leone Independence Movement (S.L.I.M.) Constitution and Charter . (Microfilm). African Imprint Library Services, Bedford, NY, 1973
*Skinner, Elliott P. - African Americans and U.S. Policy toward Africa: in defense of Black nationality, 1850-1924 (Howard Univeristy Press, Washington 1992)
* Sosnovsky, N. A., E. W. Blyden and the Formation of Modern Youth Subculture of the African Diaspora, Moscow, Russian Academy of Sciences, Nauka Publishers.
* West, Richard, Back to Africa, Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc., 1970.
* Wilson, Henry S. , Abroad in America: Visitors to a New Nation 1776-1976, National Portrait Gallery/ Smithsonian Institution, Addison-Wesley, 1976.
* White, Timothy, Catch A Fire : The Life of Bob Marley, Henry Holt and Co., New York, 1989.
Copyright 1995 Eluemuno-Chukuemeka R. Blyden