A Physiological Model for Motion-stereo Integration and a Unified Explanation of the Pulfrich-like Phenomena

Ning Qian and Richard A. Andersen, Vision Research, 1997, 37:1683-1698.
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Many psychophysical and physiological experiments indicate that visual motion analysis and stereoscopic depth perception are processed together in the brain. However, little computational effort has been devoted to combining these two visual modalities into a common framework based on physiological mechanisms. We present such an integrated model in this paper. We have previously developed a physiologically realistic model for binocular disparity computation \cite{Qian94e}. Here we demonstrate that under some general and physiological assumptions, our stereo vision model can be combined naturally with motion energy models to achieve motion-stereo integration. The integrated model may be used to explain a wide range of experimental observations regarding motion-stereo interaction. As an example, we show that the model can provide a unified account of the classical Pulfrich effect \cite{Morgan75} and the generalized Pulfrich phenomena to dynamic noise patterns \cite{Tyler74,Falk80} and stroboscopic stimuli \cite{Burr79}.

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