BACKGROUND: The causes of intellectual disability (ID) are diverse and de novo mutations are increasingly recognised to account for a significant proportion of ID. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, we performed whole exome sequencing on a large cohort of patients with ID or neurodevelopmental delay and identified four novel de novo predicted deleterious missense variants in HECW2 in six probands with ID/developmental delay and hypotonia. Other common features include seizures, strabismus, nystagmus, cortical visual impairment and dysmorphic facial features. HECW2 is an ubiquitin ligase that stabilises p73, a crucial mediator of neurodevelopment and neurogenesis. CONCLUSION: This study implicates pathogenic genetic variants in HECW2 as potential causes of neurodevelopmental disorders in humans. already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.