Columbia University Computing History   
Translations  (see below for credits):

IBM Punch Cards

IBM 026 Card Punch
IBM 026 Card Punch
IBM 2501 Card Reader
IBM 2501 Card Reader
Until the mid-1970s, most computer access was via punched cards. Programs and data were punched by hand on a key punch machine such as the IBM 026 and fed into a card reader like the IBM 2501. Large computing sites such as Columbia University purchased cards by the truckload and furnished them free of charge to users. During the IBM 360 era (1969-80) Columbia's cards were embossed with the legend "CUCC 360" (Columbia University Computer Center IBM 360) and the Columbia shield (In Lumine Tuo Videbimus Lumen). Here is a pink "job card" (the first card in a deck), preprinted with the essentials of Job Control Language (JCL) job-card syntax. Cards were available in assorted colors, allowing color coding of different sections of a deck such as JCL, program source, data. From the collection of Joe Sulsona.

Columbia University punch card

OS JCL Job-card fields are preprinted on the card. Columns 73-80 are reserved for sequence numbers, which can be used by a sorter to put a deck back in order after it has been dropped. The diagonal cut on the upper left facilitates proper orientation of the card (if the card is fed into the reader upside down or face down the data will be misinterpreted).

Here's another example, this one from the University of Karlsruhe (Germany) Computer Center, courtesy of Michael Hartmann, Technische Universität München:

University of Karlsruhe punch card

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Translations of this page courtesy of...

Language Link Date Translator Organization
German Deutsch 2021/02/25 Laura Fields Essayexaminer
Ukrainian Українська 2021/09/16 Ann Sole PapersOwl
Columbia University Computing History Frank da Cruz / fdc@columbia.edu This page created: January 2001 Last update: 16 September 2021