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had me reading, you know, at three, four. The fact that slavery
in the West Indies was in a different social, economic and demographic
pattern than slavery in America, -- actually, slavery in the West Indies
was almost absentee ownership kind of slavery, where the slaves were
the majority, in a sense. And you didn't have the same kind of
oppressive, psychologically oppressive pressures associated with slavery
in the West Indies as one apparently had in America.
So, the control patterns and forces which American whites
used to institute slavery or to make slavery efficient and effective
for them were not the same as those used in the West Indies. A very
important determinant of the relationship, or factor in the relationship
between the European whites in America and the African slaves was
a kind of a psychological warfare thing, where, very early, whites felt
it necessary to propagate the notion that the Africans were sub-human,
you know. And this, I think, reflected among other things the way in
which the whites were dealing with their guilt, and also maybe a more
direct way of being free to use a variety of controls, to keep the blacks
and the slaves in harness
I've just finished reviewing a book which was a critique
of Vogel and Engleman's TIME ON THE CROSS, a book by (Herbert G.)
Gutman. I think it's going to appear in the TIMES in another week or so.
But it's clear that American ways of dealing with slavery were
practically unique. Other people had slaves. The ancient Greeks had
slaves. But apparently only the Americans were required to try to handle
the slavery problem by arguing that the slaves were not quite human.
And by doing everything to make this kind of argument real, you know.
You didn't have that, in the West Indies, to my knowledge.
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