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encouraged people to write. It's not easy to get them to write, but
very often they are excited about an issue enough to write and to
write in opposition to the position.
Why did you do that? Why did you feel that was important?
I wanted to create members' trust that their views meant
something. You know, many editors will take a letter, throw it in the
basket, “Never run this. It criticizes the leadership.” At one point, for
example, when during the 1959 strike -- or was it '62 -- at one point,
the management used to say that 1199 News is the uptown edition of
the New York Post. Well, the New York Post is the downtown edition of
Okay. We should go back to --
-- home care. We got off on a tangent, but I think you were talking
about the 1991 campaign. Again, let's come back to the role of
members. Wasn't there a huge rally down by the World Trade Center?
There was a one-day strike, 10,000 workers, down at the World
Trade Center. I remember the signs they carried was “Dr. King's
Dream is Still Alive. 1199.” And we had to make changes, move the
people from one destination. They were at City Hall, and we had to get
them to another destination, and they had to take the subways. We
monitored that and didn't lose anybody. When you monitor the
movement of 10,000 people by subway, I can see it now in my mind,
Jerry Hudson shouting at people, “This is the train. Step in. Step
Jerry Hudson was --
Executive vice president.
Who spoke at that rally?
The home-care workers, like Dennis Polk, Jackson --
Wasn't Laura Jones a home-care worker?
Laura Jones, yes, a home-care worker. She was a very, very
effective person and became a delegate. She was a true rank-and-file
leader, and she could speak and come across clear and loud and with
respect and dignity.
Did you get her onto a television interview as well?
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