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Frances PerkinsFrances Perkins
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statistician in New York had telephoned to Ethelbert Stewart, who was head of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and found that Ethelbert Stewart was also mad, but he was a federal employee. Ethelbert Stewart's figure agreed with our figures, which were that the depression was worse and worse. There had been a four point increase in December over November due to the mercantile employment, but every indication was that employment had sunk below that. All the basic bedrock items, such as orders on hand, number of permanent employees, number of days work, was all going down, down, down. It was a plain deceit.

I was very angry. I had somebody telephone to the AP service and UP service and all the leading New York papers. I got them in there in time to have it disputed in the morning paper the next day. I disputed it in the biggest way possible. I was mad. I said, “Here are the facts. This is not so. The President of the United States has deceived the people about this matter of unemployment. It is worse, not better. The depression is getting worse. It's a cruel deceit, because people will believe it. Mother will be mad when father comes home and says he can't get a job, because the President said that employment is going up. The tragedy of families who still hope that father will get a job is just terrible when this kind of thing happens.” I made quite a speech to the newspaper reporters.

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