NOTE: See also the "Travellers' Views" section: [on this site]

=Bhagavata Purana (c.900's), a transcreated modern version by a disciple of Swami Prabhupada: [site] (also with modern illustrations and sung words)

=Albiruni's great book Tarikh al-Hind (c.1030, Ghazni), trans. by Edward C. Sachau (1910): volume 1: [site]; volume 2: [site]; another site with small excerpts only: [site]

=Viveka Chudamani, a popular Vedantin work: [site]

='Ali ibn Hamid Kufi, Chach-namah (1216/7), on Muhammad bin Qasim's conquest of Sindh: [site]; volume 2 of the history of Sind by the same translator: [site]; (Packard)

=Amir Khusrau Dihlavi (1253-1325), The Khaza'in ul-Futuh (c.1311), trans. by Muhammad Habib (1931); a panegyric on the campaigns of Ala ud-Din Khilji: [site] (Packard)

=Minhaj ud-Din, Tabaqat-i Nasiri, on the brief career of Sultan Raziyah (r.1236-1240): [on this site]

=Ibn Battuta, 1300's: his chapters on India, trans. by S. Lee (1829): [site]; an excellent French version: [site]

=Sharf ud-Din Maneri Makhdum ul-Mulk, Shaikh (d.1371 or 1381), Maktubat-i Sa'adi (Letters to Sa'adi),  trans. by Baijnath Singh (1909): [site] (Packard)

=Hatha Yoga Pradipika, 15th c., by Svatmarama, "the classical manual on hatha yoga"; Sanskrit text, academically-endorsed English translation by Brian Dana Akers, and illustrations, downloadable in PDF format from: [site]

=Ananga Ranga by Kalyana Malla, 1500's, in the translation by Richard Burton (1885): [site]


=Excerpts from the Babur-nama, prepared (with miniature paintings to illustrate it) by Prof. Dan Waugh of the Univ. of Washington: [site]
=the excerpts chosen by *Elliot and Dowson*, vol. 4, Chapter XXVIII: [site] (Packard)
=An article about Babur: Amitav Ghosh, "The Man Behind the Mosque," in The Little Magazine 1,2 (2000): [site]

=Humayun-Nama -- Excerpts from the Humayun-nama by Gulbadan Begam (1522/3-1603), Humayun's sister: [on this site]; the complete text: [site] (Packard)

=Humayun: The Tezkereh al Vakiat or Private Memoirs of the Emperor Humayun, by Jouher, trans. by Charles Stewart (1904) [Jauhar Aftabchi was a "confidential domestic" of Humayun's]: [site] (Packard)

=Mirat ul-Memalik, by Sidi Ali Reis, c.1557.  Account of his visit to Humayun's court, and many other places: [on this site]

=Abu'l-Fazl 'Allami (1551-1602): some excerpts from the Akbar-Nama and the A'in-i Akbari, the masterpieces of Akbar's great chronicler: [on this site]; the complete text of the Akbar-nama [site] and of the A'in-e Akbari [site] (Packard)

=Faizi, Abu'l Fazl's brother, composed a series of letters addressed to Akbar; they are quoted in Elliot and Dowson: [site] (Packard)

=Father Monserrate, S.J. (1591): an excerpt from his account of his stay in Akbar's court: [on this site]

=Bada'uni, 'Abd ul-Qadir (d.1615), the other great historian of Akbar's reign, who took a very dim view of it in his Muntakhab ut-Tavarikh (Chosen among the Histories) (c.1595/6): [site] (Packard)

=Ahmad ul-'Umri Turkman, [romantic stories about Baz Bahadur and Rupmati] (c.1599): [site] (Packard)

=Guru Granth Sahib, c.1600, in an older translation: [site]; and in a concordance version: [site]

=Qissa-e Sanjan (c.1600), a story about how the Parsis migrated to India in 936: [site]

=Kabir, Songs of Kabir as translated by Rabindranath Tagore (New York: Macmillan, 1915): [site]; another source: [site]
=Kabir: verses attributed to him in the Guru Granth Sahib: [site]

=Mir Muhammad Ma'sum 'Nami' (d.c.1606/7), Tarikh-i Sind (1599/1600), a history of Sindh from Muhammad bin Qasim onwards: [site] (Packard)

=Firishtah, Tarikh-i Firishtah (1609/10), a history of Muslim rulers in India up to his time: [site] (Packard)

=Jahangir-Nama (Tuzuk-e Jahangiri), the memoirs of Jahangir (r.1605-26) in the Rogers-Beveridge translation (1909-14): [site]; in the Price translation (1829): [site] (Packard)

=Harkaran Kanbu Multani, Insha-i Harkaran (Literary work of Harkaran) (1625-31), a book of models for diplomatic correspondence under Jahangir: [site] (Packard)

=Tukaram, the Marathi bhakti saint-poet (c. earlier 1600's): [site]

=Pietro della Valle (1586-1652), The Travels of Sig. Pietro della Valle, a noble Roman, into East-India and Arabia Deserta (1650); excerpts from the 1665 translation: [on this site]

=Shaikh Inayat-ullah Kanbu (d.1671), Bahar-i danish (Springtime of Knowledge) (1651), a free adaptation of the Shuka-saptati into Persian: [site] (Packard)

=Anon. (wrongly attributed to Muhsin Fani), Dabistan-e mazahib (School of Religions) (1654-57), an imaginative account of South Asian religious sects of the period: [site] (Packard)

=AURANGZEB ALAMGIR (r.1656-1707):

="Aurangzeb goes to Kashmir," from Mogul India, or Storia do Mogor, by Niccolao Manucci  (c.1652-80), trans. and edited by William Irvine, 1907-08: [on this site]
=Memoirs of Eradut Khan, trans. by Jonathan Scott (1786): [site] (Packard)
=Aurangzeb's last two letters, as given by Jonathan Scott: [on this site]
="Aurung-Zebe, a Tragedy," by John Dryden, with an introduction by Sir Walter Scott; in The Works of John Dryden, Volume 5 (of 18) (1808 edition): [site] (Packard)

=Tales, Anecdotes, and Letters, trans. by Jonathan Scott (1800): [site]
=The Land Tax of India, According to the Moohummudan Law: translated from the Futawa Alumgeeree, trans. by Neill B. E. Baillie (1873): [site]
=Ruka'at-i-Alamgiri (Letters of Aurangzeb), trans. by Jamshid H. Bilimoria (1908): [site] (Packard)
=Ahkam-e Alamgiri (Anecdotes of Aurangzeb), by Jadunath Sarkar (1925): [site] (Packard)

=Guru Granth Sahib c.1708-- the Sikh scriptures in the "Khalsa Consensus" translation: [site]

='Iradat Khan 'Vazih' (d.1716), Tarikh-e 'Iradat Khan (1714), a memoir of the seven years following Aurangzeb's death: [site] (Packard)

=Munshi Salim-ullah, Tavarikh-e Bangalah (Histories of Bengal) (1764), trans. by Francis Gladwin (1788) [a history of Bengal from 1695 to 1756]: [site] (Packard)

=Shaikh 'Ali 'Hazin' (d.1766), Tazkirah ul-ahval (Memorial of the Times) (1741/2), the memoirs of a Persian poet who spent some time in India: [site] (Packard)

=Shams ud-din Faqir (d.1769), Masnavi-i Valih va Sultan (1747), a Persian romance: [site] (Packard)

=ROBERT KERR, ed. General History and Collection of Voyages and Travels, Arranged in Systematic Order: Forming a Complete History of the Origin and Progress of Navigation, Discovery, and Commerce, by Sea and Land, from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time (1811): [on this site]

=H. M. ELLIOTT and JOHN DOWSON, The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians: the Muhammadan Period (London, 1867-77): [site]. An extremely influential multivolume anthology of excerpts from medieval historians, explicitly designed to demonstrate the superiority of British colonial rulers over their predecessors. (Packard)


 -- LITERATURE index -- Glossary -- FWP's main page --