Henri Murger (b. Paris 1822; d. Paris 1861) was a French novelist, who served for a while as secretary to the Russian novelist, poet and dramatist Count Aleksey Tolstoy (not to be confused with Leo Tolstoy!), and who was among the first artists to depict the Bohemian lifestyle.
He began writing poems depicting Bohemian life in Paris, and himself became part of the world. He lived in poverty and with poor health. His Scenes of the Bohemian Life were written and published as a series of separate episodes over the period 1847-49, in which the writer himself featured as Rodolphe.