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Frank da CruzThe following links are to character set tables in a uniform format, in which each character is included literally, its code shown in four ways (decimal, row/column, octal, hexadecimal), and its name given from the corresponding standard (if any), or else its Unicode name, or failing that a short-form name. "C1 Safe" tells whether the character set conforms to international standards and reserves the area 0x80-0x9f for control characters. Character sets that are not C1-Safe are not suitable for cross-platform data interchange.
10 March 2011
Updated 1 August 2021:
FTP links converted to HTTP; HTML4 to HTML5; W3C validation; minor content improvements.
Each table includes an HTML file with an announcer for its character set, so the characters should appear correctly in your Web browser if it supports HTML character-set declarations of the following form:
<META http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1">
in which "charset" names are from the IANA / MIME registry. In HTML5, this would be:
or (preferably, since all pages are now supposed to be encoded in UTF-8):
If the characters do not display correctly in your browser, it means your browser does not understand the declaration, or it does not support that character set, or you don't have an appropriate font. However, you can still save the file and use it locally.
If you save a table, you can use it (you might want to keep only the part
Note that nonprintable characters such as Soft Hyphen are likely to occupy no space in the display. Even though the brackets appear to be empty, there really is a character between them.
If you need a table that's not here, let me know and I'll add it.
Table IANA/MIME Script C1 Safe Remarks US ASCII / ISO 646 IRV US-ASCII Latin N/A USA KOI-7 / Short KOI Cyrillic N/A USSR ISO 8859-1 Latin Alphabet 1 ISO-8859-1 Latin Yes West Europe ISO 8859-2 Latin Alphabet 2 ISO-8859-2 Latin Yes East Europe ISO 8859-3 Latin Alphabet 3 ISO-8859-3 Latin Yes West Europe / Turkey ISO 8859-4 Latin Alphabet 4 ISO-8859-4 Latin Yes North & West Europe ISO 8859-5 Latin/Cyrillic Alphabet ISO-8859-5 Cyrillic Yes ISO 8859-6 Latin/Arabic Alphabet ISO-8859-6 Arabic Yes ISO 8859-7 Latin/Greek Alphabet ISO-8859-7 Greek Yes ISO 8859-8 Latin/Hebrew Alphabet ISO-8859-8 Hebrew Yes ISO 8859-15 Latin Alphabet 9 ISO-8859-15 Latin Yes West Europe DEC Multinational (MCS) DEC-MCS Latin Yes West Europe PC Code Page 437 IBM437 Latin No West Europe PC Code Page 850 IBM850 Latin No West Europe PC Code Page 852 IBM852 Latin No East Europe PC Code Page 856 (none) Cyrillic No PC Code Page 861 IBM861 Latin No Iceland PC Code Page 862 IBM862 Hebrew No PC Code Page 866 IBM866 Cyrillic No Microsoft Windows Code Page 1250 windows-1250 Latin No East Europe Microsoft Windows Code Page 1251 windows-1251 Cyrillic No Microsoft Windows Code Page 1252 windows-1252 Latin No West Europe Microsoft Windows Code Page 1254 windows-1254 Latin No Turkey Unicode UTF-8 U+0020-28FF UTF-8 (many) No (All but CJK) (BIG!) Unicode Gothic U+10330-1034F UTF-8 Gothic No Unicode 3.1 Plane 1
You can find plain-text (not embedded in HTML) versions of these tables (and
many more) in the Kermit Project archive:
|Kermit Character Set Tables / Columbia University / email@example.com / 1 Jan 2003 / Updated: 31 July 2021|