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are equally intelligent, but it does mean that we do not make premature
judgments about the intellect or potential of a child on the basis of
tests, particularly when there are indications that this particular
child has not had ample opportunity to overcome educational bias.
Of course the tests-- even those that are competently constructed,
relatively competently-- still are limited measures, are they not?
Oh, no question about it. Sure.
Let me use this as a genesis of this question. Am I recalling
correctly, the great psychologist, Lewis Terman, who developed the
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test, went on some time, I think beginning
in the early twenties, with his studies of gifted children-- I believe
that study is either still going on or just recently concluded-- where
he found that generally speaking not as many of those gifted children
achieved as highly as might have been expected.
Your achievement is not just based upon your test score. A
number of things are involved, you know, such as motivation, accidents.
All sorts of things are determining where, what arrives in life. For
example, there's Harvard. A very prestigious university, a tremendous
endowment, a high degree of selectivity of faculty and students. The
major intellectual creativity in our society is not concentrated at
Harvard. I used to tell my students, major black writers have never
one to college. Richard Wright never went to college. Jim Baldwin
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