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Kenneth ClarkKenneth Clark
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while the very idea of ‘race policy' points toward groups.”


What does that mean?


Let me come down a couple of more paragraphs. He says, “The passage in the 1960s of the major civil rights acts and other reforms changed the burden the movement for black economic and social progress; with basic rights secured, further progress would have to come less from external demands on the society and more from internal efforts in self-improvement.” I'd say this self-improvement theme pops up a little later. Then toward the end where he's probably getting more to his practical point, it says, “Reforms could be enacted across a range of government service programs including education and housing. All would tend to encourage development of independent leaders. As a part of a group strategy, such reforms would begin to rebuild a strong positive sense of black community which a generation of liberal, group policies has only demoralized. Conservatives and Republicans would benefit because breaking bureaucratic social service monopolies, in addition to opening up a competitive market, would in establishing entrepreneurial black leaders, have the political effect similar to an old style patronage system pushing against traditional Democratic and liberal allegiances.” He says, “The current demoralization of the black community is a direct result of policies to promote leaders who are focused entirely on whites that have nothing to say to blacks.” Is that enough before you've read it thoroughly?

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