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only motivation, which I loved. That was a crazy course. WE had
no textbooks. We started with the Bible, and ended with contemporary
novels. What I was trying to do with my students -- these were advanced
students in psychology -- was to show them that psychology and the
problems of psychology were much too important to be left to the
psychologists. That psychological problems are the key problems that
the human intellect has been concerned with all along, either from
the perspective of magic and superstition or religion or philosophy,
literature, what not.
I showed them, for example, the extent to which Shakespeare
and Dostoevsky anticipated Freud. We had fun. The one thing I
guaranteed my students in the human motivation course was, it wouldn't
add a single point to their score on the graduate record exam.
If they were looking for a course that would increase their chances of
getting into graduate school, which was determined by objective scores,
they should take my other course. But if they wanted to just sit back
and relax and think about man's continuous struggle for making meaning
out of his life, then --
As far as your research investigations went, what were your main
thrusts in this period?
The effect of -- well, basically it was culture and personality.
That was the larger frame of reference of my research. But it was
specifically the racial aspects of our culture, as this affected
human beings, and in the forties, you know, my wife and I had done
this basic research on the racial preferences and identification as
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