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Kenneth ClarkKenneth Clark
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and who is now director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Behavioral Sciences at Stanford.

I had observed Gardner over the years, and had pegged him as being quite conservative in his view of how psychology and psychologists should operate, and Anne Anastasi, who was ahead of me at Columbia, and who was a student of Garrett, but did not share Garrett's racist views by any means, but who was rather conservative in her view of things. George Albee, the past president. I had about five, six people on that committee, including the executive director, Kenneth Little.

I was surprised, pleasantly, at the acceptance of the idea by the board. We had our first meeting, in fact we had most of our meetings right in here. At the first meeting, they asked me to prepare a memorandum on my views of the specifics of social responsibility -- that is, how this could be made other than words, in terms of psychologists. And I was helped, interestingly enough, by the fact that at that time, the Association was going through a series of confrontations from blacks, women, gay groups, etc., in terms of being required to show more sensitivity and responsiveness to these groups and their concerns about social justice and injustice as it affected them.

So I could peg my memorandum about social responsibility to the problems of the confrontation, and I tried to develop something that would give us a handle for dealing with these confrontations systematically, rather than piecemeal, you see. So I was helped by that.

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