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they did stimulate it very much.
In the beginning both ACTH and cortisone were
extremely scarce and very, very
expensive. Cortisone was made by Merck
and ACTH by Armour and in minute
amounts, as of this spring of 1949.
However, as time passed and the
importance of these new substances
became more apparent, late in '49 I felt
that the Federal Government should be
asked to appropriate some funds for
their use in clinical research, so that
doctors throughout the country could
understand what were the dosages needed,
what were the diseases that they were
most useful in treatment of, and the
supply was so scarce that their
usefulness just had not been explored.
And I felt that if there was earmarked
money for the exploration of these two
products, that it would be extremely
Initially they were derived rather laboriously
and not at all synthetically.
That's right. ACTH has been sythesized, but I
believe it's easier probably still to
make it from the pituitaries of beef
cattle, and cortisone, I think, is made
at least partially sythetically now, in
Mrs. Lasker, may I interpose a question there?
When a breakthrough is accomplished in a
research laboratory, as this was, does
this mean automatically that other
researchers in various
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