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During the year we gave awards in November to a group
of scientists. The clinical research award went to Dr. John
Charnley in England, who pioneered for the total joint replacement
in people with severe arthritis. He's literally been able
to get people to stand up and walk who were utterly grippled.
And then we gave a basic medical research award to
a group of scientists, including Ludwing Cross, Howard Skipper,
Sol Spiegelman and Howard M. Temin. Howard Temin did the work
in elucidating the biology of the PNA containing cancer viruses.
He really was the one that described the existence and operation
of a viral enzyme, RNA dependent, DNA polymerase, which is popularly
called reverse transcriptase, which seems to have elncidated
the whole field of virolooy and caused a lot of progress in the
Here's the catalog, and it also describes the kinds of
efforts that awards have been given for, which really encompasses
the whole field of advances in medicine.
Step by step.
Would you like me to read that?
If you want to, yes.
One of the first awards was given in '46. We gave an award
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