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Mary LaskerMary Lasker
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Part:         Session:         Page of 999

Lasker:

During the year we gave awards in November to a group of scientists. The clinical research award went to Dr. John Charnley in England, who pioneered for the total joint replacement in people with severe arthritis. He's literally been able to get people to stand up and walk who were utterly grippled.

And then we gave a basic medical research award to a group of scientists, including Ludwing Cross, Howard Skipper, Sol Spiegelman and Howard M. Temin. Howard Temin did the work in elucidating the biology of the PNA containing cancer viruses. He really was the one that described the existence and operation of a viral enzyme, RNA dependent, DNA polymerase, which is popularly called reverse transcriptase, which seems to have elncidated the whole field of virolooy and caused a lot of progress in the field.

Here's the catalog, and it also describes the kinds of efforts that awards have been given for, which really encompasses the whole field of advances in medicine.

Q:

Step by step.

Lasker:

Would you like me to read that?

Q:

If you want to, yes.

Lasker:

One of the first awards was given in '46. We gave an award



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