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They had grown up with the Quakers. They'd been well treated.
They'd been given education. They'd been treated with
a certain amount of decent respect. They had, therefore,
developed a certain group of people who were remarkable.
They worked as servants and housemen. They had very good
jobs not only in domestic service; they were dressmakers.
They had good jobs in stores and shops, not everyone a salesman,
but they were not bad, and they were well treated.
The migration had come from Georgia, Alabama, and
places like that. There were great droves of them coming
up in shifts to Philadelphia, disgorging, and being treated
just like any other immigrant, exploited and herded around.
These were very, very ignorant girls right off the up-country
farms, the miserable tenant farms. They'd just begun to
come, and there was a great worry about them.
Within a few months of my going there I realized that
this was a part of the immigration problem. They were in
the employment houses, in the lodging houses, and were being
sent by the employment houses to the local bawdy houses.
What was happening to them was shocking.
I suggested, and the others of the committee, particularly
Mr. Bailey, who was a good old Quaker, agreed that I
should put on the staff a Negro investigator. So we got Mrs.
Leighton, who is still a very well known person in the Negro
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