Previous | Next
na123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173 [missing]174 [missing]175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342342a343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444 of 444
There was great truancy. That seemed to have been
known when I arrived. The chief truant officer in New York
had said that it was the worst area for truancy in the city.
Anyhow I was to find the causes of truancy and write a thesis
on it for my masters degree, which I did. Incidental to finding
out I visited every truant's family. We were in cooperation
with the public schools and I visited each day as many of the
children reported truant that day as I could. They didn't
call them truants until they'd been absent three days without
excuse. I did an enormous amount of visiting around the
I was under supervision and it was the first time that
I had ever had anybody tell me how to make a social survey.
I'd invented it up until that time. I did the best I could.
But there I had people who gave me suggestions - much older,
more experienced people. People like Mr. William Leiserson
were working on that same survey. He's a very distinguished
fellow and a great authority on labor relations now. Miss
Pauline Goldmark was directing the survey and was the head
of it for the Russell Sage Foundation. There were others.
The New York tenement was more formidable, in many
ways, than anything else I'd been in. There was an hostility
that you felt. The door was locked. I know now why. There
was so much petty thieving that they had to keep their doors
© 2006 Columbia University
Libraries | Oral History
Research Office | Rights and
Permissions | Help