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Frances PerkinsFrances Perkins
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organizing. Googe for the AF of L was making great efforts to organize the southern textile workers in a somewhat more substantial way than Gorman had. However, they made much more progress after the CIO came in. Although the CIO was loaded in its organization group with people that I found most unfortunate selections, they still made headway. They were excitable, rambunctious, very radical. I don't think they were Communists at all, but they probably had a trace of it. They might easily have been understood to be Communists, if anybody had been looking for that. It was really two or three years later, however, that the CIO put on its big organizing drive in the South.

So they finally got organized, despite the employer opposition, by virtue, first, of the patient work of Googe, then the coming of the CIO, which actually formed a more suitable industrial union for textile workers than the old Amalgamated Textile Workers had been, because they had had the weavers organized in one union, the loom fixers in another, the spinners in another, and all that kind of thing. The textile industry just naturally lends itself to an industrial type of unionization.

That was, I think, the first of the important strikes and we handled it by the technique of an ad hoc board.

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