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He was just as “old family”as “Mr. Avondale” was, or as
I was. He just happened to be a machinist, but a good
machinist, with a great appreciation of the art of the
machinist. He laid on the detail of the ancient guilds
and all that kind of thing for “Mr. Avondale's” edification.
Between them they did a very good job.
The next day “Mr. Avondale” came in to see me.
He said that well, of course, he wasn't going to say that
he would welcome a union at the Avondale mills and he
didn't want me to get the impression that he would
gladly deal with them, but he said he saw the point, and
if there were more people like Wharton and Hillman in
the leadership of the unions, he didn't think there'd
be any trouble at all. He believed they would get on all
right and if they wanted to organize his mill, it would
be all right. But while these roughnecks were operating,
he didn't want them to come near the Avondale Mills.
I cite that because this man was better than the
average mill owner - when I say “better,” I mean he was
morally and philosophically better - and yet he had this
overhanging prejudice and fear of their coming.
As a matter of fact, of course, the textile union
did not get going in a constructive way in the southern
mills until after the CIO came in, although they were
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