Ghazal 230, Verse 10


naa-kardah gunaaho;N kii bhii ;hasrat kii mile daad
yaa rab agar in kardah gunaaho;N kii sazaa hai

1) for even/also the longing/grief of uncommitted sins, let justice be received,
2) oh Lord, if there is punishment for these committed sins!


;hasrat : 'Grief, regret, intense grief or sorrow; --longing, desire'. (Platts p.477)


That is, if we are definitely to be punished for those sins we committed, then we also ought to receive justice for those sins that because of lack of power we were unable to commit, and longing for which remained in the heart.

==Urdu text: Yadgar-e Ghalib, p. 126


Who can do justice to this verse! Even Mir Taqi would have felt a vain longing, for this theme escaped him and remained for Mirza Naushah [Ghalib]. (261)

== Nazm page 261

Bekhud Mohani:

For the interrogation of Doomsday, what a Doomsday-like reply Mirza has created! And in what an eloquent style he has expressed his meaning. (485)


Compare {79,2}. (214, 283)


ISLAMIC: {10,2}

This is a verse that the commentators generally adore. Not only is it extremely easy to paraphrase-- it almost doesn't need paraphrasing at all. The verse is virtually its own (prosy) paraphrase.

But it does offer one complexity: the idea of a ;hasrat 'of' uncommitted sins. Of course, this could well refer, as the commentators maintain, to the speaker's sadness at not being able to commit more sins-- either more in a general way (a larger number of the same kind), or more in a specific way (some particular sins, or particular kinds of sins). But couldn't there also be a more generalized burden or grief or regret occasioned just by the oppressive limitations of the human condition (so many sins, so little time!)?

Arshi is right that {79,2} is the perfect verse to compare it to. In both cases, I just can't share the commentators', and Faruqi's, enthusiasm. Like {79,2}, this verse seems excessively, even smugly, tidy and well-constructed. Perhaps this recoil on my part is just a quirk of my own temperament.

And here's a verse of Mir's that I don't much care about, for exactly the same reasons: M{544,6}.

For another case study, compare the relatively tight, trim explicitness of this verse with the edgy, bleak, thrilling and chilling delights of {230,11}.