Collaborations with Arthur Berger started in the late 1980's while we both were at Bell Labs. Arthur joined Bell labs after completing his Ph.D. in applied mathematics and control theory at Harvard under the supervision of Professors Yu-Chi (Larry) Ho of Harvard and Fred C. Schweppe of M.I.T. Arthur's thesis focused on pricing mechanisms in coupled dynamic systems. In particular, Arthur investigated how pricing mechanisms can be used to control large systems when there are subsystems owned and operated by autonomous decision makers. The results are applied to electric utilities to study the feasibility of independently owned bulk power generation. Arthur's thesis remains of interest today, with the recent focus on pricing mechanisms to help manage the Internet. Shortly after joining Bell Labs, Arthur did work in a similar spirit, investigating game-theoretic pricing schemes for AT&T's shared private networks.
While at AT&T, Arthur was very active in standards bodies, serving as key U.S. delegate and associate rapporteur to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Study Groups 2 and 13 on B-ISDN traffic engineering and resource management. Arthur also represented AT&T at the ATM Forum and the U.S. standards body T1S1. What little I know about standards bodies is due to my association with Arthur. I always felt AT&T was fortunate to have Arthur in these positions, because he is one of the few mathematician/engineers I know who, I felt, could also have served in the foreign service as a diplomat.
Arthur is currently a senior research scientist at Akamai Technologies, working on the mapping of requests from web browsers to appropriate Akamai servers, and a research scientist in the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).
The focus of my joint work with Arthur has been primarily on ways to manage and control communication networks, as can be seen from the nifty names in our papers: token-bank rate-control throttles, leaky buckets, sliding windows and effective bandwidths.
Here are our papers in chronological order: