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Kenneth ClarkKenneth Clark
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Now, I said, a curious kind of environmentalist, because I don't think this is absolutely true to the point where you could make an Einstein out of anybody. But I think that each individual has a larger boundary, range of potentials, than is generally recognized or exploited. And the range there may vary from individual to individual. You know, for example, Einstein has a range up here somewhere, that various things determined at what point within his range he would eventually fall. And Clark has a range down here, and it may be that where I am on that scale will determine the scope of my range. On both sides, you know. I mean, the people who have very high potentials are up here, with probably a narrow range of even the point below which they could fall, unless brutalized. The people down here also have a narrow range.

You know, I really believe that one of these days, we are going to be forced to do more by way of exploiting human potential, to a much greater extent than we now believe that we need to or can, or something of that sort.

My hunch is that, on the average, we get from human beings less than 50 percent of what is possible. I'm talking about on the positive side. I'm talking about, intellectually. I'm talking about, morally. I'm talking about, constructive contributions.


This isn't an irrelevant or redundant question, in view of what you've just said. When did you develop any awareness that the intelligence tests, the aptitude tests, as constructed, may have cultural assumptions which cause certain disadvantaged groups to do much more poorly than their potential would suggest?

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