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Frances PerkinsFrances Perkins
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Another troublesome strike was the one in San Francisco. Early in the spring of 1934 there was terrific unemployment in San Franclsco, and terrific unemployment on the docks. The ships were tied up because of lack of cargoes. Foreign trade had fallen off so there were no cargoes for these ships sailing out of San Francisco. It was a very desperate situation.

There had been no union, recognizable union, among the dock workers and longshoremen since 1916. There had been a union before that time. I'm not sure that all longshoremen belonged to it, or that it had any exclusive agreements, but San Francisco was a trade union town from way back. The union moverent had always been strong there. Up until 1916 a very large part of the dock workers had been in a trade union, which was the International Longshor emen's Union. Of course, what happened in 1916 I know only by historical hearsay, and I don't know the detail of it at that.

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