Ghazal 49, Verse 2

{49,2}*

puuchh mat vaj'h-e siyah-mastii-e arbaab-e chaman
saayah-e taak me;N hotii hai havaa mauj-e sharaab

1) don't ask the reason for the {extreme/'black'}-drunkenness of the lords of the garden
2) in the shade/shadow/shelter of the grapevine, the breeze/desire is [habitually] a wave of wine

Notes:

siyaah-mastii : 'Extreme drunkenness'. (Platts p.709)

 

saayah : 'Shadow, shade; shelter, protection'. (Platts p.631)

 

taak : 'A vine; creeper; branch of any tree growing like a vine; grapes.'. (Platts p.305)

 

havaa : 'Air, atmosphere, ether, the space between heaven and earth; --air, wind, gentle gale;... --affection, favour, love, mind, desire, passionate fondness; lust, carnal desire, concupiscence'. (Platts p.1239)

Nazm:

That is, in the shadow of the grapevine the air is so forceful-- as if it has become a wave of wine. The pleasure of 'black-drunkenness' has a great affinity with the shadow. (44)

== Nazm page 44

Hasrat:

The poet says that when the trees are swaying drunkenly in the garden, the cause for their mood of joy is that the breeze has passed through the shadow of the grape-vines and taken on the effect of wine. (48)

Bekhud Dihlavi:

He says, in the shadow of the grapevine the air is so joy-inspiring that it's as if it has become a wave of wine. The swaying of the trees is not because of the breeze; rather, the branches sway because of the intoxication of 'black-drunkenness'. (87-88)

Chishti:

In this verse the excellence of 'elegance in assigning a cause' is found. (397)

FWP:

SETS == INEXPRESSIBILITY
WINE: {49,1}

How much more lyrical and intoxicated-seeming can a verse get? The commentators have explained the wordplay; extreme intoxication is siyah-mastii , literally 'black-drunkenness', and the image works perfectly for the dark shade or shadow [saayah] of the grapevine in the garden. The 'lords of the garden' are the birds and flowers, and they too are as inebriated with the springtime as are the humans who join them in celebration.

Ghalib repeats the rhyme-word, havaa , in {49,4} as well; see that verse for discussion.

There's an enjoyable sound-play between siyah (shortened from siyaah , to fit the meter) and saayah that echoes the wordplay between the same two words.