Ghazal 211, Verse 1

{211,1}*

nashshah'haa shaadaab-e rang-o-saaz'haa mast-e :tarab
shiishah-e mai sarv-e sabz-e juu))ibaar-e na;Gmah hai

1) intoxications, verdant/succulent with color/mood; and musical instruments, drunk with melody
2) the glass of wine is a cypress of the verdure of the {river / flood / convergent streams} of melody

Notes:

juu))ibaar : 'A large river formed by many smaller streams; a large body of water, a flood'. (Platts p.399)

Nazm:

Intoxication is verdant with color upon color, and the musical instrument is overflowing with melody. That is, intoxication is so pervaded with melody, and melody with intoxication, that the wineglass is a cypress of the bank of a convergent stream of melody. The simile of a cypress for a wineglass is old, and the river/flood for melody is new and captivating. (239)

== Nazm page 239

Bekhud Dihlavi:

He says, intoxication has become verdant with color upon color, and the musical instrument is seen to be overflowing with melody. That is, intoxication is so pervaded with melody, and melody with intoxication, that the wineglass is a cypress of the bank of a convergent stream of melody. (298)

Bekhud Mohani:

That is, if the pleasure of intoxication increases with melody, and the pleasure of melody increases with intoxication, then it's as if the verdant glass of wine is a cypress on the bank of the water-channel of melody (cypresses on the banks of water-channels are extremely verdant). In short, intoxication is a good thing and melody too, but their pleasure increases even more when both would accompany each other. (429)

Faruqi:

[See his comments on Mir's M{602,2}.]

FWP:

SETS
MUSIC: {10,3}
WINE: {49,1}

A term like 'intoxications' belongs with the group of other pluralized abstractions; for other examples, see {1,2}.

This is a remarkably powerful verse of mood; its imagery is so luxuriant, and its general effect so voluptuous, that it actually itself feels intoxicated. It is celebratory but also languid, admiring but also enjoying. The verse itself seems to sway a little as it is recited. A word like juu))ibaar , with its rich and verdant meanings, is a perfect center for it, and its banks are just where a wineglass-cypress would most luxuriantly grow.