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arbitrary in making the distinction between what's real and what isn't real.
We wouldn't allow, for example, any sound to be augmented on a news broadcast, although
on entertainment it's perfectly okay, the applause is frequently put into a situation comedy,
not by people in the studio, per se, but by technicians who have a soundtrack that they
simply cut into the program at the appropriate time.
What they do is one thing, what news does, I think, is entirely different. And if we were to
introduce applause on the presentation of a speaker, we could create the impression that he
was much more effective than perhaps he was. Or, vice versa, if you could just cut the sound
completely, and let it just be dead air, it could give the wrong impression. So I think you
have to be very careful in the field of news: that what you see and what you hear is
everything that it purports to be. And the mixture of entertainment techniques into the field
of news is very dangerous.
This is really a tough -- will become an increasingly difficult standard to observe -- and I'm
not sure that it will be observed. But the separation of church and state, so to speak, in
broadcasting, is very important to keep news separate from the entertainment side.
But, back to color: the conversion was very rapid in the total scheme of things. The public
accepted it. Those people who had black and white sets saw the programs in black and
white, and those who had color were thrilled with the hues that came on the screen. I think
a lot of the color in the early days was exaggerated. The reds were redder than real life, and
the other colors were hyped, in part because, I guess, everybody was so thrilled with the idea
of having color that they let it sort of run wild. I think a lot of people wore vivid colors on the
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