Metacognition & Memory Lab Members  




Janet Metcalfe

Current research centers on how people know what they know, that is, their metacognitive abilities, and whether they use this evolutionarily unique ability efficaciously--for effective self-control. We have been studying people's abilities to make judgments of their own learning, focusing on a theoretical perspective that proposes that they are able to hone in on their own Region of Proximal Learning--items on which further study yield maximum learning payoffs. Recent theoretical efforts have been directed at clearly specifying the heuristics underlying how people isolate this region. Thus, we investigate what it is that people choose to study. However, it is also necessary to investigate whether what they choose to study is advantageous or not. Of course, the limitations in human metacognitive judgments figure large in this research program. (Curriculum Vitae)




Judy Xu, MA, 5th Year PhD Student

My primary interests lies in investigating the interaction between the processes of attention, learning and memory, and metacognition using both electrophysiology and behavioural methods.

What drives a person to mind wander? How can this be prevented? My research focusses on investigating the impact mind wandering on learning and memory, with the overarching goal of reducing one's proclivity to mind wander. One line of research uses the Region of Proximal Learning framework to examine the causal influences of mind wandering. Another line is is focussed on understanding the neural correlates of mind wandering and consequences of doing so when learning, using electroencephalography (EEG) and event-related potentials (ERPs).



Matti Vuorre, MA, 5th Year PhD Student

What is self-knowledge? How does it come about? Is it accurate?
I study how people monitor and control their thoughts, memory and actions, and the role of consciousness in these higher-order operations.

I am currently investigating people's metacognitive judgments about--and subjective experiences of--their actions. The experience that one is causally efficient in producing effects in the environment through voluntary behavior is the main target of this research, along with related disorders. One line of research uses computer game like tasks to investigate factors that influence this sense of agency, and the validity of this experience under different conditions and across individuals. Another line of research uses behavioral and psychophysical methods to investigate how experienced and objective temporal properties of events and their relationships contribute to the sense of agency.



Zachary Bucknoff, MA, 4th Year PhD Student

Broadly, I'm interested in how agency works. I intend to study the cognitive mechanisms that contribute to a feeling of control over ones actions and their outcomes, as well as the external cues the mind uses to make such judgments.


Kelsey Ables
Emily Towner
Caitlin Connolly
Nina Plotnikov

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