kab miir basar aa))e tum vaise farebii se
dil ko to lagaa bai;The lekin nah lagaa jaanaa

1a) Mir, when did you obtain control over such a trickster?!
1b) Mir, when did you obtain control?! with such a trickster you

2a) [you] attached the heart determinedly, but you considered/knew it [to be] not attached
2b) [you] attached the heart determinedly, but you didn't know how to attach it



farebii : 'A cheat, an impostor, an artful person'. (Platts p.780)

S. R. Faruqi:

kisii se basar aanaa = to obtain control over someone

One meaning of basar aanaa is also 'to reach a conclusion/culmination'. If the prose of the first line would be taken like this

miir tum vaise farebii se kab basar aa))e

then the meaning will be 'Mir, when were you able to obtain control of a tricker like that?' But if the prose would be made so that the second part of the first line ( tum vaise farebii se ) would be read in connection with the second line, then the prose will be like this:

miir kab basar aa))e? tum vaise farebii se dil ko to lagaa bai;The, lekin ( us ko ) nah lagaa ( hu))aa ) jaanaa

In this case, the interpretation will be, 'Mir, as if you'll ever arrive at a good result (when will your tasks/projects be completed?). You're so naive and simple that you've settled on attaching your heart to a trickster like her, but you still haven't been able to consider/know that your heart has been attached! On both readings, the theme of the second line is very beautiful-- that the heart has been conquered, but the beloved has taken the heart with such a high order of cleverness that Mir still doesn't realize it.

This is an extremely subtle account of one event/'affair' [mu((aamilah] of passion. In the verse he's also versified the rhyme very well, and Mir's mastery of the everyday idiom is conspicuous. One interpretation of lagaa jaanaa is also 'to know the method of attaching'. In this case, the interpretation becomes, 'You fell into passionate love, that is, the heart was conquered, but as yet you didn't know anything about the method of passion-- the Lord knows what will happen to you!'. He's composed a fine verse.

There are other verses of this rhetorical style too-- that is, in which the poet speaks to himself, or some other individual speaks to the poet. Compare verses like





Note for grammar fans: lagaa bai;The should be taken as a compound verb ('insisted on attaching', 'wouldn't rest without attaching'). There's no grammatical reason we couldn't alternatively take it as a case of kar deletion, but 'having attached, sat down' makes no particular sense in the context of the verse. Then, lagaa jaanaa is most readily construed as a perfect participle form, short for lagaa hu))aa jaanaa , 'considered [to be] [in a state of having been] attached'. (Remember that jaan'naa doesn't imply, as 'to know' usually does in English, accurate knowledge.) The alternative reading proposed by SRF, lagaa jaanaa as 'knew attachment, knew how to attach', apparently treats lagaa as a noun. Nowadays it would be us ne lagaanaa jaanaa , where lagaanaa could be taken either as the infinitive or as a noun made from it.