ANANDA RANGA PILLAI (1709-61),
Chief Dubash [Interpreter] to Governor Dupleix of Pondicherry:
Selections from his private diary, 1736-61

*a map of South India, 1723*
*a map of Pondicherry, c.1741* ~~ *a map of Madras, 1746*
*views of the Coromandel Coast port towns*

*"Dupleix" (engraving, 1875)*
*"Dupleix meeting the Soudhabar of the Deccan, Murzapha Jung" (engraving, 1875)*

Castes and Tribes of Southern India, by Thurston and Rangachari, 1909:
*A-B*; *C-J*; *K*; *K-M*; *M-P*; *P-S*; *T-Z*

~~~~~~~
*Translator's Introduction, by J. Frederick Price, 1904*

~~~~~~~ Volume 1 (1736 to 1746) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by J. F. Price, 1904*]
1 ~~ *word reaches Pondicherry that Nadir Shah has sacked Delhi, 1739*
2 ~~ *an account of a Maratha raid on Porto Novo, 1740*
3 ~~ *a slave-dealer and his accomplices are captured, 1743*
4 ~~ *a state visit from the Nawab of Arcot, 1745*
5 ~~ *Christians quarrel about caste barriers and women's clothing, 1745*
6 ~~ *an awkward multi-caste party given by a Christian, 1745*
7 ~~ *the admirable qualities of J. F. Dupleix, the Governor of Pondicherry, 1746*
8 ~~ *a temple desecration by unknown persons creates a furor, 1746*
9 ~~ *an abusive European is attacked by a mob, 1746*


~~~~~~~ Volume 2 (1746) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by J. F. Price, 1907*]
1 ~~ *on the role of Fortune: the view from Pondicherry*
2 ~~ *the Governor's thoughts on the European trading companies*
3 ~~ *a French undercover agent in Madras is captured*
4 ~~ *a French naval victory over the English*
5 ~~ *great alarm in Madras; people flee to Porto Novo*
6 ~~ *a friendly gesture mediated by dubashes*
7 ~~ *preparations made by the French fleet*
8 ~~ *the French fleet at Negapatamm*
9 ~~ *a talk with the Governor about the failure to take Madras*
10 ~~ *the taking of Madras is celebrated with songs*
11 ~~ *debates in Council about the perverse actions of the French admiral*
12 ~~ *will he be hanged for his erratic and treacherous behavior?*

~~~~~~~ Volume 3 (1746 to 1747) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by J. F. Price, 1914*]
1 ~~ *why the diarist's brother lacks initiative* (1746)
2 ~~ *"the etiquette in commercial circles"*
3 ~~ *how best to deal with the Nawab of Arcot?*
4 ~~ *Madame Dupleix's diplomacy*
5 ~~ *why the diarist will live for 99 years*
6 ~~ *a visit from the former governor of Madras, and the sack of Mylapore*
7 ~~ *a letter to the Nawab of Arcot, and the evils of looting*
8 ~~ *a temple is desecrated by filth thrown from a church*
9 ~~ *the problems of price-fixing* (1747)
10 ~~ *the formal reception given to a letter and gifts sent by Nasir Jang*
11 ~~ *the gifts presented to Nawab Mahfuz Khan*
12 ~~ *how greatly the French value the achievements of the diarist!*
13 ~~ *the sudden arrival of an English fleet foils an attempt to capture Fort St. David*

~~~~~~~ Volume 4 (1747 to 1748) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction tby H. Dodwell, 1916*]
1 ~~ *Governor Dupleix celebrates his receipt of the Order of St. Michel* (1747)
2 ~~ *a European fiddler's sudden suicide*
3 ~~ *the hostility of Madame Dupleix toward the diarist*
4 ~~ *gossip and rumors*
5 ~~ *the Jesuits intrigue against the diarist*
6 ~~ *Madame Dupleix's hostility increases*
7 ~~ *an elaborate, prolonged aristocratic wedding takes place*
8 ~~ *the Governor attends some of the wedding festivities*
9 ~~ *an attack on Fort St. David is aborted when English ships appear* (1748)
10 ~~ *how to tell bad news to the Governor*
11 ~~ *the wily Jesuits as money-lenders*

~~~~~~~ Volume 5 (1748) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1917*]
1 ~~ *an episode of caste politics*
2 ~~ *Europeans, Tamils, and Muhammadans*
3 ~~ *an ignominiously botched attack on Cuddalore*
4 ~~ *titles, wealth, and fate*
5 ~~ *a French fleet arrives, bringing silver*
6 ~~ *Jesuits and Brahmins*
7 ~~ *fear of English ships causes confusion in the town*
8 ~~ *rumors and precautions*
9 ~~ *the English advance, the civilians flee*
10 ~~ *the diarist and the Governor*
11 ~~ *the miseries of Madame's misgovernance*
12 ~~ *a temple is destroyed, a mosque is spared*
13 ~~ *Kaliyug and the mingling of castes*
14 ~~ *the  monsoon will come, and the English will go*

~~~~~~~ Volume 6 (1748-1750) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1918*]
1 ~~ *Tamils versus Europeans*
2 ~~ *one should respect caste, gender, and social class* (1749)
3 ~~ *a new Nawab of Arcot*
4 ~~ *weavers, temples, and Madras*
5 ~~ *an excursion in the countryside*
6 ~~ *the complex politics of land and money*
7 ~~ *the riches of Tanjore*
8 ~~ *the minting of coins*
9 ~~ *the twelve items on Chanda Sahib's wish list* (1750)
10 ~~ *destruction in the villages*
11 ~~ *how Chanda Sahib prepares for battle*

~~~~~~~ Volume 7 (1750-1751) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1919*]
1 ~~ *the diarist fortifies the Governor's morale* (1750)
2 ~~ *humiliatingly, French officers refuse to fight*
3 ~~ *the English connivingly offer to mediate*
4 ~~ *the evil fortune in store for the English*
  5~~ *medals and robes of honor*
  6~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 1*
  7~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 2*
  8~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 3*
  9 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 4*
10 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 5*
  11 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 6*
  12 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 7*
  13 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics, part 8*

~~~~~~~ Volume 8 (1751-1753) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1922*]
1 ~~ *a letter from the Rani of Bednur* (1751)
2 ~~ *must a temple be converted into a fort?* (1752)
3 ~~ *unsettled times in Delhi, and other ominous news*
4 ~~ *the diarist encourages the Governor*
5 ~~ *a visit from a Moghul*
6 ~~ *the reception of the Emperor's parwana*
7 ~~ *Clive takes Covelong, and the Marathas keep raiding*
8 ~~ *a forcible deathbed "conversion" to Christianity*
9 ~~ *the Governor's views about foods* (1753)
10 ~~ *extortion and torture to extract money*
11 ~~ *the diarist has been mentioned before the King of France*

~~~~~~~ Volume 9 (1754-1755) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1924*]
1 ~~ *the death of the diarist's brother*
2 ~~ *Dupleix is recalled to France, and replaced by Godeheu*
3 ~~ *caste and religious politics*
4 ~~ *the diarist belongs to "the Company's family"* (1755)
5 ~~ *the diarist rebukes an upstart*
6 ~~ *the diarist's skill at political maneuvering*
7 ~~ *the value of astrology*
8 ~~ *a double wedding*
9 ~~ *the return of Mr. Clive*
10 ~~ *how to honor a new mansabdar*
11 ~~ *the French, the English, and the astrologer*

~~~~~~~ Volume 10 (1756-1757) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1925*]
1 ~~ *cruelty and corruption among the officers and soldiers*
2 ~~ *left-handed and right-handed castes*
3 ~~ *a visit to Gingee*
4 ~~ *the death of the diarist's wife*
5 ~~ *the final funeral ceremonies for her*
6 ~~ *the troubles of Europeans in India*
7 ~~ *ominous visitations from certain Goddesses*
8 ~~ *a sea monster, and possession by Mariyamman* (1757)
9 ~~ *"particulars of the Governors of Pondicherry"*
10 ~~ *a massacre at Bobbili fort*
11 ~~ *dancing girls and caste politics*
12 ~~ *Clive's victories in Bengal*
13 ~~ *Clive takes Chandernagore, and other evil omens*

~~~~~~~ Volume 11 (1757-1759) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1927*]
1 ~~ *favorable omens*
2 ~~ *processions and caste politics*
3 ~~ *unexpected funds from Daulatabad* (1758)
4 ~~ *how to procure coolies?*
5 ~~ *the capture of Fort St. David, and its rich spoils*
6 ~~ *plunder, machinations, and quarrels*
7 ~~ *M. Lally's fiasco at Tanjore*
8 ~~ *an attempt to circulate paper rupees* (1759)
9 ~~ *lawlessness and chaos in Pondicherry*

~~~~~~~ Volume 12 (1760-1761) ~~~~~~~
[*translator's introduction by H. Dodwell, 1928*]
1 ~~ *how to pay the sepoys?*
2 ~~ *the diarist's horoscope, and his teeth*
3 ~~ *extortion, and imprisonment in the dungeon*
4 ~~ *servants' and masters' quarrels*
5 ~~ *can money be collected from the dancing girls' caste?*
6 ~~ *confusion of ranks and castes*
7 ~~ *"the Tamils are like dogs"*
8 ~~ *"I valued nothing else so much except my wife"*
9 ~~ *a Brahmin is unjustly hanged*
10 ~~ *how to procure rice?*
11 ~~ *the diarist's last days*

~~~~~~~ 

 

 
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