Türkiye on the Web
Education in TR
Turkish Language & Literature
Politics & Policy
Turkic World/Türk Dünyasi
Student Organizations Around the World *
Student Org. on the Web *
TSA at Columbia University *
Turks on the Web
Gokkusagi FIkra SayfasI/Humor Page
Turkish Information Center/Danisma Merkezi
Atatürk's Corner *
Atatürk in Pictures *
News/Haberler: Magazines, Newspapers/TV
Earthquake Info/Deprem Özel
Business and Economics
Art Pages: Art, Music, Architecture
Government and Legal System:
Parliamentary democracy with free market economy
Proclamation of the Republic:
29 October 1923
Proclamation of the Constitution:
7 November 1982
Grand National Assembly with 450 deputies (general elections every
President (7-year term) and
Council of Ministers, headed by Prime Minister (5-year term).
Independent, with Constitutional Court supervising conformity
of laws to the 1982 Constitution.
Turkish laws have been derived from various European systems, mainly French, Italian, and Swiss.
December 24, 1995
Right to vote:
At the age of 18
Major international organizations:
UN, NATO, OECD, CSCE (Conference on Security and Cooperation in
Europe), UN. European, Parliament, EC (associate member), GATT,
Black Sea Economic Cooperation, WHO, IMF, ILO, UNESCO, ECOSOC,
FAO, IDB (Islamic Development Bank), INTELSAT, INTERPOL.
Orthodox, Gregorian, Jewish, Catholic, Protestant and other Christian sects: 2%.
Flag: Red with a vertical white crescent (the closed portion is toward
the hoist side) and white five-pointed star centered just outside
the crescent opening.
Go Back to Turkey at a Glance