Ghazal 60, Verse 2

{60,2}

aatish-parast kahte hai;N ahl-e jahaa;N mujhe
sar-garm-e naalah'haa-e sharar-baar dekh kar

1) the people of the world call me a fire-worshipper
2) having seen me {eager / inflamed / 'hot-headed'} for/from spark-scattering laments

Notes:

sar-garm : 'Inflamed with love; enthusiastic, ardent, zealous, eager, earnest, intent (on); assiduous, diligent, attentive'. (Platts p.648)

Nazm:

That is, the way in which people devote themselves to worshipping fire-- with that same relish and ardor I am always hot-headedly eager to make fiery laments. (56)

== Nazm page 56

Bekhud Dihlavi:

He says, the intention with which fire-worshippers worship fire-- in that same relish and ardor I remain hot-headed in heaving spark-scattering sighs. Seeing this condition of mine, the people of the world call me a 'fire-worshipper'. (103)

Bekhud Mohani:

This is a proud boast that is being expressed. (132)

FWP:

SETS == DEFINITION

RELIGIONS verses: {14,2}; {38,7}; {60,2}; {60,8}; {91,8}; {92,7}; {93,3x}; {99,7}; {102,2}; {109,5x}; {111,14}; {112,1}; {115,2}; {118,1}; {120,8}; {145,7x}; {173,7}; {173,10}; {174,6}; {204,7}; {208,9}; {231,6}


In {59,5}, the lover accepted the risk of having people abuse him with the general term 'infidel' because of his 'worship' of an 'infidel idol'. Here, people call him a 'fire-worshipper', as though he had abandoned Islam for the creed of the Parsis. Only the 'people of the world' do this, of course, and we know their limitations all too well; see {5,6} for a scathing indictment of them that also turns on imagery of fire.

In general, Ghalib's references to other religions are very sympathetic; he establishes a kind of mystical parallelism that unites them all under the great banner of passion and faithfulness. And when he speaks more skeptically about religions, as in the unpublished {93,3x}, then too he sees them as a group with shared qualities and roles.

The verse is built on the wordplay of fire: 'fire-worshipper', 'hot-headed', 'spark-scattering'. But of course, if the lover's burning hot sighs scatter sparks in all directions, the source of the fire must be an inward one. And since the lover eagerly pursues his 'worship' of this inner fire, he must be absorbed in cultivating the fiery wounds of passion in his heart; in {19,1}, he actually uses his fingernails to claw these wounds open and keep them from healing. So behind the wordplay there's even a literal sense in which the lover can rightly be described as a 'fire-worshipper'. For after all, the verse never claims that in this particular case the 'people of the world' are wrong.