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Family History Project

Frank da Cruz
A global collaboration!

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Most recent update: Fri Oct 19 16:29:31 2018 New York time
Latest: About 50 more Lunds added to the tree; lots of photos added to tree (there are now 149 of them); the entire family history is now available as a single page, with many chapters not seen before click here to see it (warning: it can take a long time to load).

The family tree...

Authors (so far): Frank da Cruz (Bronx NY), Raimundo Narciso (Lisbon Portugal), Helena Mascarenhas (Lisbon), Luzia Machado (Lisbon), Fátima Santos (Lisbon), Danny da Cruz and Rula al-Chorbachi da Cruz (Bahrain), Rifa'at Kamal Haffar (Wien Österreich), Lina da Cruz Lamirande (Berkeley California), Christine J. Scott-Deutsch (Dobbs Ferry NY), all working together across 8000 miles, 12 time zones, and diverse gene pools. And more recently, the Norwegian part copied from Sandy (Lund) Stout's Ancestry.com family tree (Sandy is my mother's bother's daughter).
Current status: 679 people in the tree spanning 12 generations.
Initiated by me October 30, 2017, at familyecho.com, this tree quickly grew so large that it can't be viewed all at once. Clicking on certain key family members shows different parts of the tree. So to see any one of the main parts of the tree, click on one of the names in the first column:
Person (click) Relation to me Authors Nationality or region
Daniel da Cruz Narciso Paternal grandfather Raimundo and me Family in Portugal plus descendents of Daniel in the USA and elsewhere.
Vivian Maxine Lund Mother me and Sandy (Lund) Stout Norwegians who emigrated to upper-midwest USA in the mid-to-late 1800s.
Lenore Susan Maria Rager Paternal grandmother me Germans who emigrated to Frederick County, Maryland, in the 1700s.
Leila Shaheen Paternal aunt Danny and Lina Lebanese and Palestinians
Rula Al‑Chorbachi Paternal first cousin-in-law Danny and Rula Iraqis (to be filled in)
Judith Maria Scott Ex-wife Christine Scott-Deutsch and me African American, West Indian, Dutch, Native American
Francis (Frank) da Cruz Jr.:    Me, root of the tree, apparently 50% Norwegian, 25% Portuguese, 25% German.
Tail Best viewed on a very wide screen!  How it works:  § One node (person) is always "in focus", indicated by a thick black border (Daniel da Cruz Narciso in the example shown); the tree shows only that person's relatives.  § You can change the focus by clicking a different node (person). This causes a new tree to be displayed.  § Information about the person in focus is shown in the sidebar at left: dates, names, partners, birthplace, whatever has been entered, including biographical info that you can see by clicking the Partners and Biographical tabs.  § If a node has a little "tail" (dotted line, circled in green in the image) it means the person has relatives that are not shown. If you click the box you'll see the hidden relatives.


Note that among the ancestors of Lenore Rager (my grandmother) there was at least one cousin-cousin marriage and that causes trouble. The Family Echo software that we're presently using handles the situation by duplicating a piece of the tree, which you can see two generations above Catherine Blessing.

To learn about cousin and "removed" relationships click here.

Printing the tree

The family tree has no "Print" button; there is no built-in way to print it, and even if there were it would probably be too big to print legibly. The best recommendation I can make is maximize your browser screen, then try to fit the desired part of the tree into the visible screen (possibly changing the display size using the ⊕ or ⊖ buttons), and then use whatever screen capture capability your computer has to save an image of the screen, which you can then print.

How to link to a particular part of the tree

If you want to send someone a link to a specific part of the tree, go to the tree, find and click on the desired person, and then copy the link from your browser's address bar and paste it into your email or Facebook or whatever. The link will look something like this:


Familyecho.com will disappear eventually, and so will my identity at Columbia University, where the online version of this history is stored. To preserve the family tree, download a copy of the latest backup from here:
For some years to come, it should be importable into any other family-tree software, but eventually everything that this history depends on — the Internet, HTML, UTF-8, ZIP files — will be "deprecated" and discontinued. Preservation of this and any other kind of digital information will depend on each generation to convert it to whatever the new "standard" might be.

Chapters, Stories, and other resources on this site...

* Translations from Portuguese to English by me; corrections appreciated.
** These are chapters (or excerpts of chapters) of the full document listed above, which is online as of 4 October 2018. The extracted chapters might not be up to date.

Galleries onsite