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Family History Project
Frank da Cruz
A global collaboration!
Most recent update:
Mon Apr 12 20:55:25 2021
New York time
The family history...
The history of my family, my ex-wife's Judy Scott's family, and the family
of my partner Pam Ives. It's written like a book with images and
hyperlinks; in other words, it's a monolithic web page. As of April 2019
the monolithic family history HTML file
is about a
megabyte on disk; 18700 lines of non-markup text with over 1800 embedded
images. It would be about 400 pages long if printed. Even on the fastest
computer and connection it can take up to five minutes to load from a
network web server, and even longer from a local disk or other device, at
least using early 21st-Century techology. Therefore I have also
exported selected chapters
into standalone web
pages for different audiences: my cousins Danny and Lina, my Portuguese
relatives, the Lund family, school classmates, Army buddies, etc; these load
Family History, in English but with a
Google Translate dialog on top for Arabic, Dutch, German, Norwegian,
Portuguese, and Spanish. This is a single monolithic web page that would be
more than four hundred pages long if printed and takes forever to load. On
16 October 2019, the encoding was converted from ISO 8859-1
to Unicode UTF-8, which is
the 21st-Century (and hopefully eternal) standard for text on Web, and has
the benefit of accommodating Russian, Arabic, and other non-Roman scripts.
Readers should not notice any difference.
- The family tree: including the da Cruz,
Scott, and Ives families.
The family tree and other resources on this site...
- Family history galleries
- Germany galleries
am Main aerial views and WWII bomb damage.
- Screenshots from Berlin Express
(1948 - Frankfurt rubble + IG Farben building)
← New 9 August 2020
Miscellaneous photos, 1949-1967 ← Expanded 6 August 2020, 28
am Main color slides by my father, 1959-61.
am Main and other Germany photos from Robert Paul, 1960-62.
American High School Yearbook 1960-61.
1959 photos by me ← Expanded 12 February 2021
1961-62 photos from Robert Paul.
Kaiserslautern and Stuttgart, Germany, 1963-66.
Germany, 1963-64 ← New 12 February 2021
- Roger Anderson
Photos, mainly Army in Germany, 1963-65 ← New March 2020
- German beer
- Other galleries
- Other material
- The Hall's Hill segretation wall in
Arlington VA in the 1950s. 19 January 2021.
- The National Mall in Washington DC
during World War II.
- Lembranças de Vilar por Raimundo Narciso,
narrativa com fotos, Português, umas 3 páginas. 16 Janeiro 2018
- Memories of Vilar by Raimundo Narciso,
narrative with photos, English*, about 3 pages. 17 January 2018
- About Raimundo Narciso, the family Cruz
and Portugal, narrative with photos, English*,
about 12 pages, 21 November 2017, updated 21 March 2018.
- Dados sobre Raimundo Narciso,
a família Cruz e Portugal, Português, 20 novembro 2017,
actualizado 21 março 2018.
- Frei Daniel da Cruz por
David Azevedo (1966) [Português]
- Fray Daniel da Cruz by
David Azevedo (1966) [English]*
- manuel-en.html: Manuel (a.k.a. Ramon)
& friends & family with commentary by Raimundo*
- manuel-pt.html: (the same, in Portuguese)
- familiacruz.html: Group photo
of da Cruz Narciso family in Portugal, 1953, with key by Raimundo
- familia.html: Smaller group photo
with explanation of who's who
- dannyportugal.html: Danny's 2002
Lina and Jean-Luc's trip to Portugal in May
2018, with photos, about 7 pages. Written in English
by Lina; a Google Translate menu is provided.
New 23 July 2018, updated 4 August 2018.
- Rufus Rager 1849-1912 (Gus's
father) news items.
- Family tree by Amy, about 2000
- Then vs Now, how things have changed
during my life.
The family tree...
people in the tree spanning
generations going back to 540 AD.
Click the image below to visit the "live" family tree:
Authors (so far): Frank da Cruz (Bronx NY), Raimundo Narciso (Lisbon
Portugal), Helena Mascarenhas (Lisbon), Luzia Machado (Lisbon), Fátima
Santos (Lisbon), Danny da Cruz and Rula al-Chorbachi da Cruz
(Bahrain), Rifa'at Kamal Haffar (Wien Österreich), Lina da Cruz
Lamirande (Berkeley California), Christine J. Scott-Deutsch (Dobbs Ferry
NY), Sandy (Lund) Stout (California), Pam Ives (New Mexico), Stephen Moore
(my 2nd cousin on the Lund side, once removed) in Calfornia (I think)
and Carole Pfisterer (4th cousin from the Rager line), and most recently
Mercedes (Nobre da Costa) Jatel (Canada).
Initiated by me October 30, 2017, at
familyecho.com, this tree
quickly grew so large that it can't be viewed all at once. Clicking on
certain key family members shows different parts of the tree. So to see any one of
the main parts of the tree, click on one of the names in the first
||Relation to me
||Nationality or region
Daniel da Cruz Narciso
||Raimundo, Luzia, Mercedes, and me (and others)
||Family in Portugal
plus descendents of Daniel and his brothers and sisters in the USA, Canada,
the Mideast, and elsewhere.
Vivian Maxine Lund
||me and Sandy (Lund) Stout
who emigrated to upper-midwest USA in the mid-to-late 1800s.
Lenore Susan Maria Rager
||Germans and Swiss
who emigrated to Frederick County, Maryland, in the 1700s.
||Danny and Lina
||Lebanese and Palestinians
||Paternal first cousin-in-law
||Danny and Rula
||Iraqis (to be filled in)
Judith Maria Scott
||Christine Scott-Deutsch and me
||Pam and me
Francis (Frank) da Cruz Jr.:
Me, 50% Norwegian, 25% German/Swiss/Alsatian, 24% Portuguese,
1% North African.
How to navigate the tree
Best viewed on a very wide screen!
How it works:
§ One node (person) is always "in focus", indicated by a
thick black border (Daniel da Cruz Narciso in the example shown); the
tree shows only that person's relatives.
§ You can change the focus by clicking a different node
(person). This causes a new tree to be displayed.
§ Information about the person in focus is shown
in the sidebar at left: dates, names, partners, birthplace, whatever has
been entered, including biographical info that you can see by clicking the
Partners and Biographical tabs.
§ If a node has a little "tail" (dotted line, circled in
green in the image) it means the person has relatives that are not shown.
If you click the box you'll see the hidden relatives.
§ Most trees (and definitely this one) are too big to fit on
the computer screen. To move the tree so you can see parts that are off the
screen, place the cursor over the white background and hold down the the
mouse button and drag in the desired direction.
The tree sidebar
The grey sidebar on the left side of the family tree screen shows
information about the person in focus (me, in this example). Photo, if any,
shown at the top. Then there are four tabs that let you see different
classes of information: Personal (Name, gender, birth and death dates),
Partners, Contact information, and Biographical information. Click on the
tabs to see the contents of each one.
The Tree menu
||The sidebar (on left, grey background) shows information about the
currently selected person. Use this option to suppress it (leaving more
space for the tree itself) or to bring it back.
||Explains the meaning of the colors, lines, font weight, etc.
||Changes focus to the root of the tree (me, in the case of this tree).
||Searches for someone in the tree. Enter text into the box; a list of
matches appears, click on the desired person or click outside the list to
cancel the search.
||Zoom buttons: Zoom out (show more people on the screen by reducing the
image and font sizes) or zoom in (magnify and show fewer people on the
||Displays a menu that lets you decide what information is shown for each
person; should be self-explanatory.
||How many generations to show above the person in focus, 15
max. You can still see persons higher up by clicking on any person
in the top row.
||Like parents, but below and down rather than higher and up. You can see
more by clicking on anybody in bottom row, but you can't see more rows
Parents + Children + 1 (no more than 31).
||Like Parents and children but pertains to persons not in the direct line
of descent such as cousins.
Suggested viewing options for this tree:
- Show life dates
- Show photos
- Show middle names
- Show surname at birth
- Use Zoom buttons to select the smallest size that is readable to show
the most generations possible on the screen.
A dialog appears to the left where you can choose various format
options. If multiple pages are required the tree stretches automatically
with overlapping page edges. The dialog includes a Print Preview button and
a Download PDF button, which downloads a PDF file. Printing and downloading
apply only to the active part
of tree, meaning the part rooted in the
person in focus with the selected number of generations above and below (see
Parents, Children, Others below). The maximum number of generations to show
is 15, so I don't think there is any way to print (or save as PDF) a whole
tree unless it is a very small tree. Meanwhile, besides the built-in Print
function, you can also try to fit the desired part of the tree into the
visible screen (possibly changing the display size using the zoom buttons),
and then use whatever screen capture capability your computer has to save an
image of the screen, which you can then print. On the other hand, the Save
as PDF option can be handy if you want to select a certain portion of the
tree, i.e. a certain person with their antecedents and descendants, if the
result isn't too tall.
Family tree links...
- FAMILY TREE created at
familyecho.com. This is a public
view-only copy created on the date shown on its bottom left. As long as the
editing is going on, I will refresh it from the master copy at
familyecho.com (which is only accessible to tree editors) every time it
- FAMILY TREE DATA... These are
plain-text UTF8-encoded "dumps" of all the information in the family tree in
GEDCOM format (GEDCOM =
Genealogical Data COMmunication), a standard interchange format that allows
a tree to be exported from genealogical software for backup purposes, and
also for importing into other genealogy software such as ancestry.com,
wikitree.com, geni.com, myheritage.com (I haven't tried this yet).
Starting on November 12, 2017, whenever the tree changes that day's
version of the family tree is backed up in GED format and saved in an
archive along with previous dumps, so it will always be possible to roll
back to an earlier version of the tree in case of disaster, or to move the
tree to a different site if familyecho.com disappears.
and using a GEDCOM file (available in English only).
- List of GEDCOM
Tags (not all of them are used by Family Echo).
Note that among the ancestors of Lenore Rager (my grandmother) there was at
least one cousin-cousin marriage and that causes trouble. The Family Echo
software that we're presently using handles the situation by duplicating a
piece of the tree, which you can see two generations above
To learn about cousin and "removed" relationships
How to link to a particular part of the tree
If you want to send someone a link to a specific part of the
to the tree
, find and click on the desired person, and then copy the
link from your browser's address bar and paste it into your email or
Facebook or whatever. The link will look something like this:
Familyecho.com will disappear eventually, and so will my identity at
Columbia University, where the online version of this history is stored. To
preserve the family tree, download a copy of the latest backup from here:
For some years to come, it should be importable into any other family-tree
software, but eventually everything that this history depends on — the
Internet, HTML, UTF-8, GEDCOM — will be "deprecated" and discontinued.
Preservation of this and any other kind of digital information will require
each generation to convert it to whatever the new "standard" might be, which
usually won't happen. Unfortunately GEDCOM makes no provision for images,
but all the tree images are also stored separately